Presentation on theme: "L14: The Great Migration and the Harlem Renaissance (1910s-1920s"— Presentation transcript:
1 L14: The Great Migration and the Harlem Renaissance (1910s-1920s The Struggle for EqualityAgendaObjective:To understand what the Great Migration was.To understand what the Harlem Renaissance was.To understand the significance of the Harlem Renaissance for the black experience.Schedule:LectureArt AnalysisWhole Class DiscussionHomework:Content:None Junior Thesis:Research Question, Bibliography, and Notecards Due:Green: Thurs 12/11Purple: Fri 12/12
2 Objectives Understand what the Great Migration was Understand what the Harlem Renaissance wasEvaluate the effects of the Great Migration and the Harlem Renaissance onthe lives of blacksEssential Question:Were the Great MigrationAnd Harlem Renaissanceemancipatory for blacks?
3 Possibility Opens UpLife in the Jim Crow south, is the life that the overwhelming majority of African Americans lived.In 1900, 90% of blacks lived in Southern States!But…In 1910, a new spark of possibility emerged for AfricanAmericans as anindustrial boom in theNorth sparked demandfor new workers.
4 The Great Migration 1910-1930 (second wave, 1930 to 1970) Movement of 6 millionAfrican Americans outof the rural south into theNortheast, Midwest, andWest.New York, Chicago,Philadelphia, St. Louis,Detroit, Pittsburgh,Cleveland, and IndianapolisLargest internal movement of an American population.By the end of the Great Migration…African Americans became an urbanized—rather than rural—population.Northern American cities became significantly more black
7 Causes of the Great Migration Jim Crow Laws in the South (Push)Racial Violence in the South (Push)Limited Economic Opportunities in the South (Push)Increased Demand for Industrial Workers in the North (Pull)Better Educational Opportunities in the North (Pull)Increased Political Opportunities in the North (Pull)
8 Effects of the Great Migration Shift Blacks from a Rural Population to an Urban PopulationIncrease the number of African Americans living in North cities; Make these cities truly multi-racialBut what else??...
9 The Harlem Renaissance 1920s and 1930sThe Harlem Renaissance was a flowering of African American social and cultural thought which was expressed through:PaintingsMusicDanceTheaterLiterature
10 Why the Harlem Renaissance During the Great Migration the majority of African Americans who moved north ended up in New York City.Of the almost 750,000 African Americans who moved North, nearly 175,000 moved to Harlem.The neighborhood of Harlem became a ethnic enclave of African Americans.Harlem is a section of Manhattan, which covers three square milesHarlem became thelargest concentration ofblack people in the world.
11 Why Did the Harlem Renaissance Emerge When and Where it Did? Emergence of a black middle class coming out of the Great MigrationIncreased contact between African Americans and white Americans in the workplace and on city streets forced a new awareness of the disparity between the promise of the American dream and reality.Blacks WWI experience and disillusionment with race relations in the United StatesAfrican American soldiers who served in World War I were angered by the prejudice they often encountered back at home, compared to the acceptance they had found in Europe.Rise of NAACP and Black Nationalism
12 Understanding the Harlem Renaissance In order to more fully explore the characteristics, themes, and significance of the Harlem Renaissance we will look at 3 pieces of work from Harlem Renaissance artists.As you interact with each piece.:Identify what the piece is saying about:The Black experience in AmericaBlack identity / Racial ConsciousnessWhite people / White AmericaHow the African American condition should be improved
13 “I, Too, Sing America” Langston Hughes 1945 I am the darker brother. They send me to eat in the kitchen When company comes, But I laugh, And eat well, And grow strong. Tomorrow, I’ll be at the table When company comes. Nobody’ll dare Say to me, “Eat in the kitchen," Then. Besides, They’ll see how beautiful I am And be ashamed— I, too, am America.“I, Too, Sing America” Langston Hughes 1945
14 “Take the A Train” Duke Ellington Jazz Composition 1939
16 Discussion!What do the artists of the Harlem Renaissance seem to say about…The Black experience in AmericaBlack identity / Racial ConsciousnessWhite people / White AmericaHow the African American condition should be improved
17 The Harlem Renaissance and Whites The Harlem Renaissance appealed to a mixed audience—the African American middle class and white consumers of the arts.Urbane whites suddenly took up New York’s African-American community, bestowing their patronage on young artists, opening up publishing opportunities, and pumping cash into Harlem’s “exotic” nightlife in a complex relationship that scholars continue to probe.