3 Body Basics Body language is also known as “silent language” It is the way we use our bodies to send messagesBody language always wins over verbal communication
4 Why is Body Language so Important? People usually remember less of what was said, and more of what was communicated through nonverbal communicationWe have learned it helps us recognize the truth93% of communication is nonverbal38% through vocal elements55% through body language
5 Who Knew?? Body language is very diverse Humans produce up to 700,000 different physical signsThe face alone is capable of 250,000 different expressions5,000 hand gestures1,000 different kinds of postures
6 Body vs Gestures vs Face Though often grouped in the same category, social scientists have separated these three categoriesWhat are the differences?Body Language - Subconscious body movementsGestures - Intentional body movementsFacial Expressions - body movements limited to the face
7 Positive Body Language Relaxed Posture –sit comfortably and avoid abrupt movementsArms relaxed – don’t cross your armsGood eye contact- look them in the eyesNod agreement- nodding your head occasionally, shows you are listening and understanding
8 Positive Body language Smile at humor- this signals a warm personal relationshipLean Closer- indicates interestUse gestures when speaking- this indicates interest and involvement
9 Negative Body Language Body Tension- wrinkled brow, jerky body motions, or hands clasped in frontArms folded- creates a barrier and indicates resistanceFidgeting- shows boredomYawning- says “you’re talking to much”
10 Using Body Language Effectively If you change your body language, your feelings will begin to change as well.You feel how you look.Body language is contagious!
11 Eye Contact Can show affection, anger, respect, etc What happens when there is too much or too little eye contact?cm8s
12 Are you Lying?? Decreased hand activity Increased face touching Stiff and rigid postureIncrease body shifting
13 Haptics Nonverbal Communication communicated through touch The message will change depending on where and how they touch you
14 Is Your Outfit On Point? What can your appearance say about you? How likely is it that people judge you based on your appearance?
15 Types of Space (Proxemics) Intimate (under 18 inches)Primarily for confidential exchanges; almost always reserved for close friendsPersonal (1 ½ to 4 feet)This is a comfortable distance for conversation between friends
16 Types of Space (Proxemics) Social (4-12 feet)Ordinary distance maintained from one another for most social and business exchangesPublic (over 12 feet)Shopping mall or on a street, people barely acknowledge each other’s presence
17 Types of Gestures Emphatic gestures- helps stress a point Transitional gestures- shows you are moving from one part of a speech to the nextLocative gestures- directs the audience to a person, place, or thingDescriptive gestures- describes or draws pictures
18 Tone of VoiceTone of voice can make the same word mean several different things.Example: “Oh”“You surprised me”“I made a mistake”You’re a pain”You make me happy”“I’m bored”“I’m fascinated”“I understand”“I don’t understand”
19 Rate of SpeechPeople tend to talk fast when they are nervous, anxious, or trying to persuade us.People tend to talk more slowly when they are depressed, disgusted, or simply tired.
20 “He texted me, ‘k.’”Within the past decade communication via computer mediated sources and SMS (text) messaging has increasedWhat are some ways of communicating nonverbally through text based sources?