Where are we today: National Minnesota New Tools to End HIV Marriage Equality and Ending HIV A Call to Action
An estimated 1.1 million people are living with HIV in the United States. 50,000 people are infected with HIV each year. Recent data indicates that 1 in 4 (26%) of new HIV infections occur in youth. In 2010, about 12,000 youth, or about 1,000 per month, were infected with HIV. MSM, particularly young, black MSM, are most severely affected by HIV. By race, blacks/African Americans face the most severe burden of HIV.
As of December 31, 2011, 7,136* persons are living in Minnesota with HIV/AIDS 3,775 living with HIV infection (non-AIDS) 3,361 living with AIDS
HIV is heavily concentrated in the Metro area. 2011: 35% in Minneapolis 15% in St Paul 37% in Twin Cities Suburbs 14% in Greater Minnesota
HIV by Race: 49% White 22% Black 15% African Born 8% Hispanic 1% American Indian 3% Asian/Pacific Islander HIV by Gender: 75% Male 25% Female
Gay and Bisexual men continue to be disproportionately impacted by HIV. Of the 48 adolescent young males newly infected in 2011, nearly all of them reported a male to male sexual encounter or a male to male sexual encounter along with injecting drug use as risk factors. Of concern is the number of early syphilis cases among males which increased from 106 in 2009 to 246 in 2011 88% were identified as gay and bisexual men 57% were co-infected with HIV
HIV Disproportionally Impacts... African Americans 22% of new infections in 2011 (only 4% of state’s population) African Born men 31% increase in HIV from 2010-2011 Women African Born Women comprise 36% and African American Women comprised 28% of new infections
Test-Treat Unfettered Access to Care Treatment as Prevention Emphasis on reducing barriers to promote adherence Fighting Stigma and Discrimination Fully Implement the Affordable Care Act Continue to align all prevention programs with the goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy
Marriage Equality equals Health Care In combination with existing tools Marriage Equality could make a real difference in Ending HIV!
Studies consistently indicate that: marriage reduces heavy drinking and overall alcohol consumption. marriage increases the likelihood of having insurance and reduces the likelihood of becoming uninsured after a job loss or other major life event. Marriage is associated with shorter average hospital stays, fewer doctor visits, and reduced risk of nursing home admission.
The legalization of same-sex marriage provides a strong social structure for the stabilization of relationships that gays and lesbians have not enjoyed. Over time as same-sex marriage becomes normative in U.S. culture we will actually see if marriage has long term effects on the decrease of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
I want to challenge all of us to keep our foot on the accelerator for what we believe is possible in our life time… Reaching a goal of an AIDS-Free Generation Achieving marriage equality We must work together… Challenge ourselves to do more End the stigma, fear and discrimination that puts us all at risk