A: Subjects 200 An unstated subject is a subject that does not appear in the sentence but is understood. It is always you, meaning either someone specific or anyone in general. Example: (You) Get up now, or you’ll be late!
Q: Subjects 300 Identify the subject of the following sentence: She always does her homework before class.
A: Subjects 300 She is the subject of the sentence.
Q: Subjects 400 Identify the subject of the following sentence: Some of the students did not understand the lecture in History class.
A: Subjects 400 Some is the subject. Get rid of the prepositional phrases! Some of the students did not understand the lecture in History class.
Q: Verbs 100 What is the difference between action and linking verbs?
A: Verbs 100 Action verbs show action; linking verbs do not. Linking verbs (or state-of-being verbs) connect the subject to other words in the sentence that say something about it. The most common linking verb is be.
Q: Verbs 200 Give an example of a compound verb.
A: Verbs 200 Any use of two verbs in a sentence: She cooks and cleans every day. He jumped into his car and drove away.
Q: Verbs 300 Give three examples of helping verbs.
A: Verbs 300 A helping verb adds information, such as when an action took place. It is part of the complete verb. Examples: be, am, is are, was, were, have, has, had, do, did, may, might, can, could, will, would, should, used to, ought to.
Q: Verbs 400 Identify the verbs in the following sentence and tell what kind of verbs they are: Susie will run for President of the Student Government Association and win because the incumbent is squandering student funds and is not a good leader.
A: Verbs 400 Susie will run for President of the Student Government Association and win because the incumbent is squandering student funds and is not a good leader. Helping verbs: will, is (squandering) Action verbs: run, win, squandering Linking verb: is (not a good leader)
Q: Fragments 300 What are the two ways to correct a fragment?
A: Fragments 300 1. Connect the fragment to the sentence before it. 2. Make the fragment into an independent clause: a) either add the missing subject and/or verb, or b) drop the subordinating word before the fragment.
Q: Fragments 400 Identify the fragment below and explain how to fix it: My printer broke last week, so I had to buy another one. Which cost me $150 I didn’t have.
A: Fragments 400 The (relative-clause) fragment is Which cost me $150 I didn’t have. You can fix it by connecting it to the previous statement with a comma: My printer broke last week, so I had to buy another one, which cost me $150 I didn’t have. Or you can make it an independent clause: It cost me $150 I didn’t have.
Q: Run-ons 100 What are the two types of run-on sentences?
A: Run-ons 100 Fused sentences and comma splices
Q: Run-ons 200 What’s the difference between the two types of run-on sentences?
A: Run-ons 200 One is two sentences combined with no punctuation; the other is two sentences joined incorrectly by a comma.
Q: Run-ons 300 What are the 4 ways to correct a run-on?
A: Run-ons 300 1. Use a semi-colon 2. Create a dependent clause 3. Use a coordinating conjunction 4. Use a period
Q: Run-ons 400 Identify (what kind) and correct the run-on below: I really like to go shopping however I don’t like to go it with my sister.
A: Run-ons 400 It’s a fused sentence. Corrections: I really like to go shopping; however, I don’t like to go it with my sister. I really like to go shopping. However, I don’t like to go it with my sister. (however is one of the transitions used with a semicolon before and a comma after…see pg 553 for others)