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Renaissance Artists Essential Question: In your own words, define the following terms: Renaissance Humanism Classicism Warm-Up: Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?
Art & Patronage in Italy Italians were willing to spend a lot of money on art: –Banking & trade in Italian city- states, especially Florence, led to lots of money to spend on art –Art showed peoples’ new social & political status –The rise of cities brought artists together & shared ideas—this led to new techniques & styles
Florence under the Medici Medici Chapel The Medici Palace
New Artistic Styles Realism & emotion Classicism: inspiration from Greece & Rome Emphasis on individuals & interaction between people Geometric arrangements Perspective Using light & shadows Chiaroscuro Sfumato The first nude paintings & sculptures since the Romans GreekRenaissance
Giotto frescos Giotto was the “first” Renaissance artists; He developed a new artistic style for creating frescos (paint on wet plaster walls): –Painted human figures that appeared lifelike –Painted people with emotion –Painted people in frescos interacting with each other
Masaccio perspective Masaccio added to Giotto’s innovative style by using perspective: –Shows objects in the foreground as larger than objects in the background which gives the illusion of depth He became known as the “Father of Modern Painting”
Donatello Donatello was the first great sculptor of the Renaissance Medieval sculptors only carved the front of a statue, but Donatello wanted sculptures to be viewed from all sides like Greek & Roman statues “David” is the 1 st large, free- standing human sculpture
Michelangelo Michelangelo was a great painter & sculptor; his “Pieta” & “David” sculptures are seen as masterpieces His greatest work is the 130 ft x 44 ft ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; which shows Biblical images of amazing detail, power, & beauty
The Sistine Chapel
The Sistine Chapel The Sistine Chapel: The Creation of the Heavens
The Sistine Chapel The Sistine Chapel: The Creation of Man
The Sistine Chapel The Sistine Chapel: The Fall from Grace
The Sistine Chapel The Sistine Chapel: The Last Judgment
Raphael “Perfected” Renaissance painting Raphael became the favorite painter of the Pope because of his amazing detailed paintings showing a combination of famous Greeks & Romans along with Renaissance people “School of Athens” is his greatest work
Raphael Michelangelo Plato (drawn to look like Da Vinci) Aristotle Pythagoras Euclid
Betrothal of the Virgin
Leonardo A true “Renaissance Man” Leonardo was an inventor, painter, sculptor, & scientist His “Last Supper” shows Jesus’ last meeting with the 12 apostles before the crucifixion; the facial expressions, detail, emotion made it a masterpiece His “Mona Lisa” is great for its emotion and depth
Mona Lisa OR da Vinci? Leonardo da Vinci? Mona Lisa?
The Last Supper A Da Vinci “Code”: St. John or Mary Magdalene?
Filippo Brunelleschi Florence’s greatest architect was commissioned to build the Cuppolo of St. Maria del Fiore cathedral: –Brunelleschi studied the Roman Pantheon –The dome inspired modern building designs
Dome Comparisons Il Duomo, Florence St. Peter’s, Rome St. Paul’s, London US Capital, Washington, D.C.
The Northern Renaissance
Northern Renaissance The Renaissance spread from Italy as scholars from other areas visited Italian city-states & took the new ideas they saw back Kings bought Renaissance art, helping to spread new ideas Renaissance ideas spread to the Holy Roman Empire (Germany), England, France, Belgium, Netherlands
Renaissance in France Architecture—buildings combined Medieval & classical designs
Renaissance in the Holy Roman Empire Renaissance in Germany was very religious— Humanists criticized the Catholic church German painters were the 1 st to use oils
Renaissance in England Renaissance in England focused on social issues Thomas More criticized society through Utopia William Shakespeare wrote plays based on ideas from classics & universal human qualities
Renaissance in the Netherlands In the Netherlands, artists like Jan Van Eyck, were noted for precise realism & symbolism Wedding Portrait by Jan Van Eyck 1434
Massys’ The Moneylender & His Wife
Renaissance Medieval Guess if the following pieces of art (A-J) are: Renaissance or Medieval
Perspective Realism Emotion Shading Nudity Nature Everyday life Sculpture-in- the-Round Human Interaction Draw a Renaissance Picture using any 3 of the following:
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