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Ethics in Social Research

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Presentation on theme: "Ethics in Social Research"— Presentation transcript:

1 Ethics in Social Research
Chapter 3 Ethics in Social Research

2 What are Research Ethics?
Ethics guide behavior and decisions Ethics guide us through a range of concerns, dilemmas, and conflicts Social researchers have a clear moral And professional obligation to behave in an ethical manner 2

3 Why Be Ethical? Scientific community demands ethical behavior without exceptions Scientific misconduct Research fraud Plagiarism Unethical but legal 3

4 Figure 3.1: Typology of Legal and Moral Actions in Social Research

5 Expansion Box 3.1: Informed Consent

6 Ethical Issues Involving Research Participants
Origins of Research Participant Protection Tuskegee Syphilis Study Physical Harm, Psychological Abuse, and Legal Jeopardy Physical Harm Psychological Abuse, Stress, or Loss of Self- Esteem 6

7 Ethical Issues Involving Research Participants
Legal Harm Other Harm to Participants Deception Principle of voluntary consent Informed Consent Special Populations and New Inequalities Avoid Creating New Inequalities 7

8 Ethical Issues Involving Research Participants
Privacy, Anonymity, and Confidentiality Privacy Anonymity Confidentiality Information as property Mandated Protections National Research Act (1974) 8

9 Ethical Issues Involving Research Participants
Institutional review board Three Ethical Controversies Milgram’s obedience study Humphreys’s tearoom trade study Zimbardo’s prison experiment 9

10 Research Precautions Consult with mental health professionals & others who have conducted similar studies Screen out high-risk populations Obtain written informed consent (to be discussed) before the research Monitor conditions & arrange emergency interventions if dangerous situations arise 10

11 Nuremberg Code 11

12 Expansion Box 3.2: Basic Principles of Ethical Social Research

13 Ethics and the Sponsors of Research
Whistle-blowing Arriving at particular findings Limits on how to conduct studies Suppressing findings Concealing sponsorship 13

14 Politics of Research Limits to what is studied
Objectivity and value freedom Objective Value free Unbiased 14

15 Expansion Box 3.3: What Is Public Sociology?

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