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Distribution of Earth’s Water

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Presentation on theme: "Distribution of Earth’s Water"— Presentation transcript:

1 Distribution of Earth’s Water
The Oceans Water covers about 75% of the Earth’s surface 97% is salt water 3% is fresh water only 1% of fresh water can be used There are 4 major bodies of water: Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean

2 Ice - 76% of fresh water Most of Earth’s fresh water is locked in thick sheets of ice near the North and South Poles Icebergs – huge chunks of floating ice made of fresh water. Rivers and Lakes .34% of fresh water Very little fresh water but important to people who live near them. Groundwater - 23% of fresh water (shallow and deep combined) - Water fills the cracks and spaces in underground soil and rock layers.

3 Surface Water River Systems Pond
a. Tributary – streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main river b. Watershed – land area that supplies water to a river system. c. Divide – separates one watershed from another by a ridge of land Pond a. Body of fresh, standing water b. Smaller than lakes – sunlight reaches the bottom c. Formed when water collects in hollows or low-lying areas of land d. Home too many animals including frogs, crayfish, sunfish, water lilies, algae, etc.

4 Lakes - Body of fresh water that no sunlight reaches the bottom - Deep and big - Formed two ways Same as a pond Powerful forces that shape Earth’s surface such as ice depressions, crust movement or volcanoes Wetlands – a land area that is covered with water during part or all of the year. 3 types Marshes – grass covered by shallow water Swamps – flooded forests with trees – usually in warm, humid climates Bogs – depression from ice sheets – usually in cold climates

5 Water Underground Movement Zones
Permeable – water runs through the ground Gravel Impermeable – water cannot pass through easily Clay Granite Zones Saturated – soil is totally filled with water Unsaturated – soil can still accept water

6 Ground water Springs – ground water bubbles or flows out of cracks in rock to Earth’s surface Aquifer – underground rock or sediment that holds water Well – channel dug into an aquifer to provide a supply of water Geyser – hot spring from which water periodically erupts out

7 Using Freshwater Resources
How People Use Fresh Water Household purposes Industry Transportation Agriculture Irrigation – supplying water to areas of land to make them suitable for growing crops Recreation

8 Conserving Water Reduce Recycle Reuse
Pollution – addition of any substance that has a negative effect on water or the living things that depend on the water

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