Presentation on theme: "Do Now List and describe 3 organ systems in the human body. Write your answer in your science journal."— Presentation transcript:
Do Now List and describe 3 organ systems in the human body. Write your answer in your science journal.
Big Picture LS1.A: Structure and Function All living things are made up of cells, which is the smallest unit that can be said to be alive. An organism may consist of one single cell (unicellular) or many different numbers and types of cells (multicellular).
Objectives: List three functions of roots and three functions of stems. Describe the structure of a leaf. Identify the parts of a flower and their functions. Learning Target Today I will: learn about the parts of a plant So that I can: begin to see the similarities of plant and animal organization. I will know I got it if: compare and contrast properties and functions of plant and animal systems. Agenda Today we will: Watch a video Teacher presentation. Group and individual work Exit Ticket. Vocabulary xylem phloem root stem leaf stamens pistils
There are two types of vascular tissue in plants: Xylem is the type of tissue in vascular plants that provides support and conducts water and nutrients from the roots. Phloem is the tissue that conducts food in vascular plants. Visual Concept
Roots Root Functions The following are the main functions of roots: Roots supply plants with water and dissolved minerals. Roots hold plants securely in the soil. Roots store surplus food made during photosynthesis
Roots, continued Root Structure The layers of cells that cover the surface of the roots is called the epidermis. After water and minerals are absorbed by the epidermis, they diffuse into the center of the root where the vascular tissue is located. A root cap can be found at the end of the root. The root cap protects the tip and helps the root continue to grow.
Stems Stem Functions A stem connects a plant’s roots to its leaves and flowers. A stem also has the following functions: Stems support the plant body. Stems transport materials between the root system and the shoot system. Some stems store materials.
Leaves, continued Leaf Adaptations Some leaves have functions other than photosynthesis. The leaves of many cactuses are modified as spines. These spines keep animals from eating the cactuses. The leaves of sundews are modified to catch insects, which the sundew digests.
Flowers Flowers are adaptations for sexual reproduction. Sepals and Petals The modified leaves that make up the outermost ring of flower parts and protect the bud are called sepals. Petals are broad, flat, thin leaflike parts of a flower.
Flowers, continued Stamens and Pistils The male reproductive structure of a flower is called a stamen. A Pistil is the female reproductive structure of a flower.
Flowers, continued The Importance of Flowers Flowers help plants reproduce. Humans use flowers for arrangement. Flowers are also used to make spices, perfumes, and lotions. Broccoli, cauliflower, and artichokes are flowers that people eat. Chamomile and hibiscus flowers are used to make tea.