Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Linguistics I Chapter 4 The Sounds of Language.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Linguistics I Chapter 4 The Sounds of Language."— Presentation transcript:

1 Linguistics I Chapter 4 The Sounds of Language

2 The Sounds of Language Phonetics:
The general study of the characteristics of speech sounds. It is a branch of linguistics which is concerned with the production, physical nature, and perception of speech sounds. Articulatory phonetics Study of how speech sounds are made (articulated). Acoustic phonetics Deals with the physical properties of speech as sound waves. Auditory phonetics (perceptual phonetics) The study of the perception of speech sounds by the ear.

3 Introduction Phonetic alphabet Focus
A standardized set of symbols that represent sounds so that EACH sound is represented by a single SYMBOLE. IPA is the standardized system. Focus How these symbols are used to represent both consonants and vowel sounds of English words and what physical aspects of human vocal tract are involved in the production of those sounds.

4 Introduction IPA It stands for the International Phonetic Alphabet. [ ] The symbols are enclosed in brackets [ ] to indicate that the transcription is phonetic and does not represent the spelling system of a particular language.

5 The Sounds of Language Voiced Sounds Voiceless Sounds
Production process Vocal cords are drawn together. Air from the lungs repeatedly pushes them as it passes through. Result: a vibration effect. Examples: (V, Z, D, M, … ). Voiceless Sounds Vocal cords are spread apart. Air from the lungs passes between them unobstructed. Result: no vibration Examples: (F, S, T, K, … ).

6 How Sounds are Produced?

7 The Sounds of Language Place of Articulation
Each point at which the air stream can be modified to produce a different sound is called Place of Articulation. Bilabial, Labiodental, Dental, Alveolar, Palatal, Velar, Glottal.

8 The Sounds of Language

9 Place of Articulation Bilabials: The articulators are the two lips.
[b] [m] [p]

10 Place of Articulation Labiodentals
The lower lip is the active articulator and the upper teeth are the passive articulator. [f] and [v].

11 Place of Articulation Dentals:
Dental sounds involve the upper teeth as the passive articulator. The active articulator may be either the tongue tip or (usually) the tongue blade. [θ] Theta and [ð] eth.

12 Place of Articulation Alveolars
Alveolar sounds involve the alveolar ridge as the passive articulator. The active articulator may be either the tongue blade or (usually) the tongue tip. [t], [d], [n], [s], [z], [l].

13 Place of Articulation Palatals
The active articulator is the tongue body and the passive articulator is the hard palate. Show; Treasure; Chin; Judge; and Yet (j) (palatal glide)

14 Place of Articulation Velars
The active articulator is the tongue body and the passive articulator is the soft palate. [k], [g], and [-ing]. The glide heard word-initially in WET is called a Labiovelar.

15 Place of Articulation Glottal sounds are made in the larynx. For the glottal stop, the vocal cords close momentarily and cut off all airflow through the vocal tract. English: [h]

16 The Sounds of Language

17 The Sounds of Language

18 The Sounds of Language

19 The Sounds of Language

20 The Sounds of Language

21 The Sounds of Language VOWELS: The chat Examples of each vowel.

22 Practice

23 Practice

24 Practice

25 Practice

26 Next Week? Words, Word-formation Processes, and Morphology

Download ppt "Linguistics I Chapter 4 The Sounds of Language."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google