Presentation on theme: "Science 2012. Calcium: an element; a nutrient that most living things need. The human body needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth. Digestion:"— Presentation transcript:
Calcium: an element; a nutrient that most living things need. The human body needs calcium to build strong bones and teeth. Digestion: the process by which the body breaks down food so that it can be used for energy Fruit: a plant structure that contains seeds and grows from a flowering plant Nutrients: a substance such as a fat, a protein, or a carbohydrate that a living thing needs to survive Minerals: natural, nonliving solid crystal that makes up rocks
To eat in a healthy way, you need food from the different food groups. The food pyramid is a chart that shows how many servings are healthy to eat each day from the following groups: grains, fruits, vegetables, meats or proteins, dairy, and oils.
The food pyramid divides foods into five main groups: dairy (milk, yogurt, and cheese), protein (meat, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts), vegetables, fruits, and grains (bread, cereal, rice and pasta). The pyramid shows the amounts of each type of food that a person should eat in order to have a healthy diet. The pyramid is larger at its base and smaller at its top because a balanced diet includes more items from the bottom.
When you practice healthy eating habits, you are eating foods with the vitamins and other nutrients your body needs to be healthy and grow strong. You are also avoiding foods that contain too much fat, sugar, or other things your body needs only a little bit of.
Rest and exercise are important to help grow a healthy body. You should get at least 30 minutes of exercise each day. You should be getting at least 8 hours of sleep every night!
Meal A Baked Chicken, Broccoli, Whole Grain Rice, Milk WHY? Think about the Food Pyramid! Meal B Cheeseburger, French Fries, Chocolate Milk Shake
On a piece of binder paper, answer the questions. If the question is not multiple choice, answer in complete sentences.
In order to stay healthy, what do people need? A) enough food, fresh water, carbon dioxide B) proper medicine, vitamin pills, clean water C) sleep, lots of water, small amounts of artificial sweetener D) balanced diet, enough sleep, proper amount of exercise
Which of the following is NOT not a food group on the Food Guide Pyramid? A) grains B) vegetables C) oils D) meat and beans
Which diagram might help you maintain a well balanced diet? A) water cycle B) food web C) carbon cycle D) food pyramid
Which of the following is an important mineral for the growth, development, and strengthening of teeth and bones? A) Vitamin C B) Vitamin A C) Calcium D) Iron
If Carlos wants to stay healthy, he should do which of the following? A) eat a healthy diet B) get plenty of exercise C) get plenty of rest D) eat a healthy diet and get plenty of exercise and rest
Healthful eating habits and exercise will help you maintain a healthy weight. Which of the following will NOT help you make healthy eating decision? A) Choosing foods according to taste and popularity. B) Using the Food Guide Pyramid to help you plan your meals and snacks. C) Including a wide variety of foods in your diet. D) Using information on food labels to help you make healthy choices.
What kind of information might appear on a food pyramid? A) cost of three pieces of fruit B) amount of fruit suggested per day C) amount of salt in one cookie D) number of calories in a slice of bread
How does the food guide pyramid provide guidelines for healthy eating habits? Answer in complete sentences!