What is “overweight”? A condition wherein the person weighs over and above his normal weight according to his height, age and gender. BMI (Body mass index) is between 25 and 29.9
What is Obesity? Obesity means having too much body fat. It is not the same as being overweight, which means weighing too much. A person may be overweight from extra muscle, bone, or water, as well as from having too much fat. Both terms mean that a person's weight is higher than what is thought to be healthy for his or her height.
How is weight calculated For adults, overweight and obesity ranges are determined by using weight and height to calculate a number called the "body mass index" (BMI).
Causes of Obesity Inactive Lifestyle Environment Genetics Health Conditions Medications Emotions Smoking Age Pregnancy Lack of Sleep
Health Problems High blood pressure Type 2 diabetes Elevated blood cholesterol levels Sleep Apnea Allergies Cancer Digestive problems Arthritis Liver and Gall Bladder disease Higher and Earlier Death Rate
Fast Food? How does it effect the weight of people?
Did you know? Today, about one in three American kids and teens is overweight or obese Overweight kids have a 70–80 percent chance of staying overweight their entire lives. Obese and overweight adults now outnumber those at a healthy weight; nearly seven in 10 U.S. adults are overweight or obese. Obesity is the #2 cause of preventable death in the United States 60 million Americans, 20 years and older are obese 9 million children and teens ages 6-19 are overweight
Causes of Childhood Obesity Portions are growing Poor Nutrition Eating out more Moving Less Technology? Outdoor safety Food Advertising
BMI for Children Based on a child’s weight and age. It is a comparison to the other children that age. Children and teens whose BMI-for-age is: In the 95th percentile or higher are considered obese. Between the 85th and less than the 95th percentile are considered overweight. Between the 5th and less than the 85th percentile are considered normal weight. Below the 5th percentile are considered underweight.
Discussion How do you feel about BMI? Do you believe in it? What is good and bad about it?
Body Fat Percentage The body fat percentage of a human or other living being is the total mass of fat divided by total body mass. The percentage of essential body fat for women is greater than that for men, due to the demands of childbearing and other hormonal functions. The percentage of essential fat is 2–5% in men, and 10–13% in women.
Four Types of Exercise Endurance Increase your breathing and heart rate Brisk walking or jogging Yard work (mowing, raking, digging) Dancing Swimming Biking Climbing stairs or hills Playing tennis Playing basketball Strength Makes your muscles stronger Lifting weights Using a resistance band Sit ups, push ups Balance Helps prevent falls Standing on one foot Heel-to-toe walk Tai Chi Flexibility stretch your muscles and can help your body stay limber Shoulder and upper arm stretch Calf stretch Yoga