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Proposed Rules to Help Ensure the Safety of Imported Food 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Proposed Rules to Help Ensure the Safety of Imported Food 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Proposed Rules to Help Ensure the Safety of Imported Food 1

2 FSMA’s Import Tool Kit New authorities, mandates work together to create integrated import safety system –Foreign supplier verification programs (sec. 301) –Voluntary qualified importer program (sec. 302) –Mandatory certification (sec. 303) –Enhancements to prior notice (sec. 304) –Building capacity of foreign governments (sec. 305) –Improved enforcement authorities (sec. 306) –Accreditation of third-party auditors (sec. 307) –Foreign offices (sec. 308) 2

3 Trade Agreements Section 404, Compliance with International Agreements, explicitly notes that FSMA must be consistent with our agreement with the World Trade Organization (WTO) and any other treaty or international agreement. 3

4 Why Are These Proposed Rules Important? About 15 percent of the U.S. food supply is imported – including nearly 50 percent of fresh fruit and 20 percent of fresh vegetables. Consumers expect that food imported into the U.S. should meet the same level of public health protection as food produced domestically. 4

5 Proposed Rules Implement Preventive Framework Safety standards established by FDA –Standards for produce safety –Preventive controls for human food Industry must verify standards are met –Foreign supplier verification program –Accreditation of third-party auditors Additional rules and guidance coming 5

6 Proposed Regulations for Foreign Supplier Verification Programs (FSVPs) 6

7 Key Principles Importers would be responsible for ensuring that the food they bring into the U.S. meets FDA safety standards The requirements provide flexibility based on the risk of the food 7

8 Overview of FSVP Importers would be required to develop, maintain, and follow an FSVP for each food imported, unless an exemption applies. The requirements vary based on: –Type of food product –Category of importer, such as very small –Nature of the hazard identified in the food –Who is to control the hazard 8

9 Who Is Covered? An importer is a person in the U.S. who has purchased the food being offered for import –If there is no U.S. owner at the time of entry, the importer is the U.S. consignee –If no U.S. owner or consignee at time of entry, the importer is the U.S. agent or representative of the foreign owner or consignee. 9

10 What Is Exempt? Importation of juice and seafood whose suppliers are in compliance with HACCP regulations Food imported for research and evaluation purposes Food imported for personal consumption Alcoholic beverages 10

11 What Is Exempt? (cont.) Food that is transshipped or that is imported for future export and not consumed or distributed in the U.S. Products from facilities subject to FDA’s low acid canned food requirements (exempt for microbiological hazards only) 11

12 FSVP Requirements In general, importers would need to conduct the following activities as part of their FSVPs: –Compliance status review of foods and suppliers –Hazard analysis –Supplier verification activities –Corrective actions (if necessary) –Periodic reassessment of the FSVP –Importer identification at entry –Recordkeeping 12

13 Control of Hazards The proposed requirements for supplier verification are primarily based on who is to control the hazards that are reasonably likely to occur. 13

14 Importer or Customer Controls Hazard If the importer will be responsible for controlling a hazard identified as reasonably likely to occur, the importer would be required to document, at least annually, that it has established and is following procedures that adequately control the hazard. 14

15 Importer or Customer Controls Hazard (cont.) If the importer’s customer will be controlling a hazard, the importer would need to obtain written assurance, at least annually, that its customer has established and is following procedures that adequately control the hazard. 15

16 Hazard Controlled by Foreign Supplier or Its Supplier FDA is proposing two options for supplier verification activities when: –The foreign supplier is to control a hazard or –The foreign supplier verifies that its raw material or ingredient supplier is controlling a hazard The options differ based on approach to hazards that can cause serious adverse health consequences or death to humans or animals (SAHCODHA) 16

17 Option 1 If the foreign supplier controls the hazard at its establishment and it is a SAHCODHA hazard, the importer would be required to conduct or obtain documentation of onsite auditing of the foreign supplier. Onsite auditing would also be required for microbiological hazards in certain raw agricultural commodities. 17

18 Option 1 (cont’d) For non-SAHCODHA hazards and all hazards for which the foreign supplier verifies control by its raw material or ingredient supplier, importer would be required to choose a verification activity: –Onsite auditing –Sampling and testing –Review of supplier food safety records –Some other appropriate procedure 18

19 Option 2 For all hazards that the foreign supplier will either control or verify that its supplier is controlling, importers would need to choose a verification procedure from among: –Onsite auditing –Sampling and testing –Review of supplier food safety records, or some other appropriate procedure. 19

20 Option 2 (cont.) In determining which verification activities are needed and how often they should be conducted, the importer would need to consider: –The risk presented by the hazard –The probability that exposure to the hazard would result in serious harm –The food and foreign supplier’s compliance status. 20

21 Modified FSVP Requirements Dietary supplements and dietary supplement components Food imported by a very small importer or from a very small foreign supplier Food from a foreign supplier in good compliance standing with a food safety system that FDA has officially recognized as comparable or equivalent 21

22 Effective and Compliance Dates Effective date expected to be 60 days after publication of the final rule Compliance dates –Generally 18 months after publication; or –Six months after the importer’s foreign supplier is required to comply with the new preventive controls or produce safety regulations. 22

23 23 Proposed Rule Accreditation of Third-Party Auditors

24 Key Principles A credible third-party program will allow the agency to leverage industry audits A credible third-party program will help to facilitate entry of certain imported food A comprehensive third-party program will create a new path for working with foreign governments 24

25 Overview FDA must establish voluntary program for accrediting third-party auditors to conduct food safety audits of foreign facilities and their foods FDA will recognize accreditation bodies, which will in turn accredit third-party auditors under the program –FDA can directly accredit third-party auditors in limited circumstances 25

26 Are Third-Party Audits Required? Importers will not generally be required to obtain certifications In certain circumstances FDA would use certifications in determining: –Whether to admit certain imported food into the U.S. that FDA has determined, based on FSMA criteria, poses a food safety risk, or –Whether an importer is eligible to participate in the Voluntary Qualified Importer Program (VQIP) 26

27 How it Would Work FDA FDA would recognize accreditation bodies based on certain criteria such as competency and impartiality. Accreditation Bodies Accreditation bodies would in turn accredit qualified third- party auditors. Third-Party Auditors or Certification Bodies Third-party auditor s/certification bodies would audit and issue certifications for foreign facilities and foods. Foreign Facility Foreign facilities may choose to be audited by an accredited auditor /certification body. 27

28 Eligibility for Recognition of Accreditation Bodies (ABs) Foreign government agencies or private organizations Must meet requirements on authority, competency, capacity, impartiality, quality assurance, and records 28

29 Eligibility for Accreditation- Third Party Auditors/ Certification Bodies Foreign government or government agency; a foreign cooperative or other private third party Must meet requirements regarding authority, competency, capacity, conflict of interest, quality assurance and records 29

30 Requirements for Accredited Auditors Audit agent competency Audit protocols Notifications Audit reports –Consultative audit –Regulatory audits (these are not FDA inspections) 30

31 Use of Certifications Issued by Accredited Third- Party Auditors In meeting eligibility requirements for VQIP for expedited review and entry of food In providing certification or other assurances of compliance as a condition of entry for food determined by FDA to pose a safety risk under FSMA criteria 31

32 How to Comment on the Proposed Rules Go to or Published July 29, 2013; comments due Nov. 26, 2013 (120 days) Comment period on produce and preventive controls rules extended to Nov. 15 to enable comment on how the rules can best work together 32

33 Next Steps FDA to hold three public meetings during the comment period FDA to continue outreach to stakeholders through webinars, listening sessions, other meetings 33

34 Web Page: 34

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