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Disaster Risk Reduction - a Framework for Sustainable development programming Karamoja.

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Presentation on theme: "Disaster Risk Reduction - a Framework for Sustainable development programming Karamoja."— Presentation transcript:

1 Disaster Risk Reduction - a Framework for Sustainable development programming Karamoja

2 Out line Key concepts; vulnerability, risk, hazards, disaster Key components of Risk Reduction When development planning becomes a risk Conditions for reducing risks Mainstreaming DRR Framework for planning and programing Out break of diseases – Cholera as an example Monitoring and reporting indicators Useful links

3 Key components of Disaster Risk Reduction  Disaster Risk Reduction is based on analysis of existing and potential hazards in the context of operation. It is sector-based, but also cross-cutting across sectors,  Adoption of a more pro-active instead of a re-active approach to planning – more focus on disaster preparedness to improve response,  Greater emphasis on development approaches and effects of disaster risks to reduce the root causes of vulnerability,  It builds on a common understanding of the context in which we operate and consensus on the strategy to minimize the vulnerabilities on the longer term as well on the short term,

4 When development planning becomes a risk  Development taking insufficient account of hazard/risk profile in planning & programming,  Unsustainable practices – resulting in increased hazard risk e.g. land-degradation & inappropriate farming practices,  Poverty - related level of acceptable risk and coping capacities,  Rapid urbanization - growth of informal settlements and inner city slums (- movement of populations),  Challenges of globalization – deepening inequality results in increased vulnerabilities / marginalization,

5 Conditions for reducing risks  Clear understanding of the local, but also of the wider hazards and the risks,  Disaster Risk Reduction needs to be integrated into all development programmes for long term sustainability and it requires a long term commitment,  Better integration between relief and development – Humanitarian response must become supportive of development goals and objectives and not be a goal in itself,  Strategies for reducing risk need to be people centred – it has to build on people’s local knowledge and cultural practices and apply tools that people can easily integrate into their lives,  Sufficient funding is important, but also a matter of re-organising the ‘way we work’,

6 Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction It is a dynamic process with a dual purpose: 1. Ensuring rehabilitation and development is protected through disaster risk reduction elements, 2.Ensuring that rehabilitation and development do not increase people's vulnerability to disasters, assessing the implications of disaster risk on any planned rehabilitation or development action, in all thematic practice areas and sectors, at all levels, as an integral dimension of the project cycle; i.e. design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes,

7 Framework for Planning and Programming Disaster Risk Reduction Plan DevelopmentDisaster Preparedness Hazard prevention measuresContingency Plan Hazard mitigation measuresEarly Warning System Survivability enhancement measures for high risk groupsResponse structure capacity building Capacity development for community groupsBuilding contingency funds Implementing development interventions Disaster Risk Assessment Hazard Assessment Vulnerability Assessment Capacity Assessment Risk Analysis

8 Outbreak of diseases (example)  Disaster risk reduction works in tandem;  Prevention/mitigation + disaster preparedness  Disaster preparedness + response  Food shortage and malnutrition have a direct effect on the individual susceptibility to diseases - thus the level of potential epidemics is directly related to people’s access to food and safe water,  Cholera is a major threat during rainy season due to contamination of water sources, crowding and less attention to proper hygiene practices and sanitation conditions. Together with food shortage, the level of outbreaks increases.  In general, most communities are aware of cholera and that poor sanitation predisposes the disease, but communities are less aware of how to prevent disease from breaking out and how to protect themselves through proper hygiene practices,

9 Useful links ISDR Secretariat:, Links between disaster risk reduction and climate change: uction.pdf, uction.pdf Tools for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction: ngDRR.pdf, ngDRR.pdf Integrating disaster risk reduction into CCA and UNDAF: Note-2009_DUP_08-07-2009_11-43-02-734_AM.PDF, Note-2009_DUP_08-07-2009_11-43-02-734_AM.PDF

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