Presentation on theme: "M7.0 EARTHQUAKE STRIKES HAITI THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE’S POOREST NATION WITH 8 IN 10 AT POVERTY LEVEL 4:52 p.m.; JANUARY 12, 2010 From the Global Alliance."— Presentation transcript:
M7.0 EARTHQUAKE STRIKES HAITI THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE’S POOREST NATION WITH 8 IN 10 AT POVERTY LEVEL 4:52 p.m.; JANUARY 12, 2010 From the Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction With contributions from NEMO Secretariat Saint Lucia
A CAPITOL OF 1.8 MILLION IN A NATION OF NINE MILLION
SHALLOW HYPOCENTER The US Geological Survey reported that the earthquake was centered about 10 miles (16 km) west of Port- au-Prince, with 1.8 million people in the area at high risk. The quake’s shallow depth - about 5 miles (8 km), exacerbated damage.
TSUNAMI WARNING A tsunami warming was issued and later withdrawn.
THE PRESIDENT OF HAITI SURVIVED The President survived and took control of the emergency response.
SOCIETAL IMPACTS The lives of 3 million people were adversely impacted. Saving Haitian lives is priority one. A major concern is how to care for the homeless and injured and how and where to provide temporary housing for them.
CATASTROPHIC DEATH TOLL FEARED The fear is that thousands of casualties will be found during the search and rescue operations and as rubble of thousands of collapsed buildings is cleared.
SOCIETAL IMPACTS: PUBLIC BUILDINGS Numerous public buildings were destroyed, including: a hospital, the Presidential Palace, the parliament building, the Finance Ministry, The Public Works Ministry, the Palace of Justice and Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Port-au- Prince, the national cathedral
OFFICES OF THE UNITED NATIONS The building housing the United Nations personnel collapsed, slowing, but not stopping UN humanitarian asistance.
POVERTY EXACERBATED BY PAST DISASTERS Hurricane Gordon killed more than 1,000 people in 1994 Hurricane Georges killed more than 400 and destroyed most of the crops in 1998.
HAITI IMPACTED BY PAST DISASTERS In 2004, heavy rains from Hurricane Jeanne caused landslides and flooding that killed more than 3,000 people, mostly in the city of Gonaives. Gonaives was hit again in 2008, by four tropical storms.
THE KEY IS: 1) KNOW THE DISASTER HISTORY OF YOUR REGION 2) KNOW YOUR COMMUNITY Lesson Source: Primer Series Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction