Today you will Look at the effects sugar has on the body. Be able to measure the amount of sugar in foods. Identify sugar on the food label and in the ingredient list. Identify different names for sugar in food products.
Find your Match Answers Food or Drink Item 1 Fruit Roll-Up MacDonald McFlurry with M&Ms Hershey’s Candy Bar Snapple Iced Tea, 16 ounces Hamburger Bun Chocolate Chip Cookie Chocolate Fudge Pop Tart, 1 pastry Ketchup, 1 tbsp Number of Sugar Cubes 22 8 12 3 1 3 4 5
What is Sugar? Sugar is a simple carbohydrate. Carbohydrates are a source of fuel or energy for our bodies. When we eat foods that contain sugar, our bodies either use it for energy or it is stored.
What happens in our bodies when we eat sugar? Immediate energy Glucose that’s not needed immediately gets stored in liver and muscles Once liver and muscle stores are full, extra gets converted to fat
What is Natural Sugar? Natural Sugar is sugar that comes from natural sources like fruit. Although this sugar isn’t much different then added sugar, we get many vitamins and minerals from the foods that contain natural sugar. For example, fruits and vegetables contain fructose, which is a natural sugar. Fruit also contains many vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
What is Added Sugar? Added Sugar is any sugar that is found in foods that is not naturally occurring It is referred to as ‘empty calories’ Added sugar does not give us vitamins and minerals. SourceName of SugarNatural? FruitFructoseYes VegetableFructoseYes DairyLactoseYes CookiesAdded SugarNo
How does Sugar effect our bodies? Consuming natural sugar from fruits, vegetables, and dairy supplies us with energy. Eating too many foods with added sugar sets the stage for potential health problems, such as: Poor Nutrition Obesity Tooth Decay How do you feel after you eat a lot of sugar?
How many grams of sugar are in 1 teaspoon? One teaspoon of sugar = 4 grams. For Example: If you are buying a bottle of Coca Cola with 44 grams of sugar, you would divide 44 by 4 which is equal to about 11 teaspoons of sugar.
Tips to reduce added sugar in your diet Drink water or low fat milk instead of sports drinks or sodas. When you drink fruit juice, make sure its 100% fruit juice, better yet, eat the fruit rather than the juice. Choose breakfast cereals carefully- read those labels! When choosing canned fruit, find those packed in water or juice. Use condiments sparingly- the sugar can add up quickly!
Stick to one serving of a special treat per day!