What is a Camera? Eye // Camera Iris (opening) // aperture
What is a Camera? Eye // Camera Iris (opening) // aperture pupil // lens
What is a Camera? Eye // Camera Iris (opening) // aperture pupil // lens retina // film // media storage
What is a Camera? Eye // Camera Iris (opening) // aperture pupil // lens retina // film // media storage lids // shutter
Camera Obscura 1022 Ibin Alhazen first mentions the Camera Obscura in his Book of Optics.
Camera Obscura Means Dark Chamber (Latin) Simple room to let in light to make drawings Discovered 11th Century by Ibn al-Haytham (Persian) Perfected by English scientist Robert Boyle in 1660s Problem: need an artist, no film
Camera Obscura Allows artist to draw a figure on canvas to paint at a later time. More realistic
Camera Obscura In 1490 Leonardo Da Vinci gave two clear descriptions of the camera obscura in his notebooks. He may have used one to paint his more realistic paintings.
First Photo In 1826 Joseph Niépce made the first permanent image using a chemical process. Titled View from the Window at Le Gras
Daguerreotypes In 1837 Louis Daguerre improved the photographic process using a mirrored plate and mercury.
Matthew Brady In 1861-1864 Matthew Brady documented the US Civil War for Harper’s Weekly and the US Government. His photo Harvest of Death brought the war home.
Halftones In 1880 The New York Daily News prints the first halftone image turning a photograph indo a series of dots that resemble the photo.
Kodak Roll Film In 1882 George Eastman invents the first roll film and an inexpensive camera - the Brownie.
Press Camera In 1900 Newspaper photographers are able to take more action photos in more conditions with a lighter camera called the Press Camera.
Transmitting Photos In 1921 AT&T begins transmitting photos via telegraph and later radio. Later the AP would take over as the top wire photo service.
Leica 35 mm Camera In 1925 Leica produces the first 35 mm film camera. This begins the “Golden Age” of photojournalism.
Agfa First Color Film In 1932 Agfa introduces the first color 35mm film
LIFE Magazine In 1936 LIFE Magazine begins publishing - first magazine devoted to photojournalism.
First SLR Camera In 1952 Asashi (Pentax) introduces Asashiflex SLR - allows photographer to look through the lens.
First DSLR Camera In 1999 Nikon introduces D1 - first Digital SLR camera. It cost $6000 and was 2.7 Megapixels.
iPhone 3GS & iPhone 4 In 2009 the iPhone 3GS introduced a 3.2 Megapixel camera and an easy direct connection to Flickr and other online service. In 2010, the iPhone 4 introduced a better camera.