Presentation on theme: "History of Sports Medicine"— Presentation transcript:
1 History of Sports Medicine The next few slides will give you a little background about myself and how I arrived here in Vidalia.Mrs. Dobbins
2 Topics of Discussion History of athletic training The field of sports medicineThe field of athletic trainingThe role of: the student athletic trainer, the coach, the certified/ licensed athletic trainer, the team physician, and other staff members
3 IntroductionAthletic training is the prevention,recognition, treatment and rehabilitation of athletic injuries.
4 The Field of Sports Medicine Sports medicine is a generic term that encompasses many different areas of sports related to both performance and injuryAreas of sports medicine may include:1. Athletic training2. Biomechanics3. Exercise physiology4. Physical therapy5. Sports nutrition6. Sports Psychology
5 The Field of Sports Medicine So what? Why is this important?The clinical application of the work of these disciplines is performed to improve and maintain an individual’s functional capacities for physical labor, exercise, and sports.It also includes the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries related to exercise and sports.
6 History of Athletic Training Reflected mostly in ancient Greece and roman civilizations.- The Olympics- The GladiatorsGalen, the greatest name in roman medicine,served as physician at gladiatorial contestsHerodicus was consider to be the first sports medicine physician
7 History of Athletic Training Sports declined after the fall of the roman empire and remerged in the renaissanceAthletic training as we know it came into existence during the late nineteenth century with the establishment of intercollegiate athletics in the USThe growth of athletic training in the US has mainly followed the growth of American Football
8 The Field of Athletic Training Athletic training is a sub specialization of sports medicine providing a major link between a sports program and the medical community for the implementation of injury prevention, emergency care, and rehabilitation procedures.
9 The Field of Athletic Training National athletic trainers association (NATA) was formed in 1950The certified/ licensed athletic trainer is recognized by the American Medical Association (AMA)
10 Certified Athletic Trainer ATC ATC’s are…Board Certified (NATABOC)State Licensed (LAT)Recognized by the AMAWorks under the direction of a licensed physicianLook around you … people these days are on the move. We are learning more, trying more, and doing more. And when the level of physical activity increases the risk of injury rises as well. That is where the certified athletic trainer comes in: whether it is an athlete of any age or an industrial worker performing their job or even an average citizens delving into recreational athletics, the ATC can help.ATC’s are medical experts in preventing, recognizing, managing and rehabilitating injuries that result from physical activity. ATC’s can help you avoid unnecessary medical treatment disruption of normal daily life. They can get you on the mend and keep you on the move.
11 Certified Athletic Trainer ATC ATC specializes inPrevention of injuriesRecognition, Evaluation, immediate care of injuriesRehabilitation and Care of injuriesHealthcare administrationProfessional developmentLook around you … people these days are on the move. We are learning more, trying more, and doing more. And when the level of physical activity increases the risk of injury rises as well. That is where the certified athletic trainer comes in: whether it is an athlete of any age or an industrial worker performing their job or even an average citizens delving into recreational athletics, the ATC can help.ATC’s are medical experts in preventing, recognizing, managing and rehabilitating injuries that result from physical activity. ATC’s can help you avoid unnecessary medical treatment disruption of normal daily life. They can get you on the mend and keep you on the move.
12 The Sports Medicine Injury Prevention Team The three persons having the closest relationship to the athlete are the coach, the athletic trainer, and the team physician
13 The Sports Medicine Injury Prevention Team The athlete and parents also are involved when and injury occursThe Coach is responsible for:Conditioning of the athleteEquipment (equip manager)Correct skills & techniquesApply proper first aidEnvironmental factorsThe coach coaches and the athletic trainer deals with athletic training matters
14 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. The Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC)QualificationsIdeally every organized sports program should have an ATCBetter title??? Sports therapist or sports medicine therapistQualifications of a NATA-certified athletic trainer requires an extensive background of formal academic preparation and supervised practical experience in a clinical setting
15 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. The ATC’s Functions (6 Domains)Prevention of injury (major goal of athletic training)Evaluation, Recognition and Assessment of injuriesFirst Aid and Emergency CareRehabilitation and ReconditioningOrganizationAdministration
16 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. ATC employmentHigh schoolsColleges & universitiesProfessional teamsIndustrial settingsClinicsWellness/Fitness CentersMilitaryAnywhere!
17 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. The Team PhysicianMust have a full understanding of sport injuries. Ideally with a background in sports medicineCan be an M.D. or D.O. may be family physician, pediatricians, internal medicine, or orthopedic surgeonHas the finial authority over the coach and athletic trainer in health matters
18 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. The Team Physicians duties include:Seeing that a complete medical history of the athlete is obtainedDetermine athletes health status by providing a physical examDiagnosing and treating injuries and illnessActing, when necessary, as an instructor to the athletic trainer, student athletic trainer, coach, etc.
19 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. The Team Physicians duties include:Attend all games, athletic contests, scrimmages, and practices when feasibleDecides when, on medical grounds, athletes should be disqualified from participation and when they may be permitted to reenter competitionServe as an advisor to the athletic trainer, coach, and when necessary, as a counselor to the athleteWork closely with the school administration, school dentist, athletic trainer, coach, and health services personnel to promote and maintain consistently high standards for the care of the athlete
20 The Sports Medicine Team Con’t. A number of support health services may be used by a sports program. They may include:Strength and Conditioning CoachSports PsychologistPhysical TherapistExercise PhysiologistRefereeStudent Athletic TrainersUrologistCardiologistNeurologistNurseOrthopedistDentistPediatricianPodiatristNutrionistEquipment PersonnelBiomechanist
21 Is an Athletic Trainer the same thing as a Personal Trainer or Strength Coach? NOT EVEN CLOSE!!!! The name of our profession is sometimes confusing because Athletic Trainers don't "train" athletes. Athletic Trainers are healthcare providers who provide care for both athletes and non-athletes alike! Athletic Trainers must obtain a license to practice and the nationally recognized ATC® credential requires at least a bachelors degree from an accredited program, extensive clinical practice time under the supervision of credentialed professional, repeated demonstration of proficiency in over 680 clinical skills, and passing a very rigorous national certification examination.Personal trainers, on the other hand, are fitness professionals and NOT healthcare professionals. There is little or no regulation of their professional practice and there are very few requirements to obtain a personal training credential (some of which can be obtained with as little as a weekend course). The only similarity between Athletic Trainers and personal trainers is that both work with athletes, but we do VERY different jobs. If you are interested in becoming a personal trainer, you should consider majoring in exercise science.
22 Athletic Trainers VS Personal Trainers A Certified Athletic Trainer is a person who meets the qualifications set by a state regulatory board and/or the Board of Certification, Inc., and practices athletic training under the direction of a physician.A Personal Trainer is a person who prescribes, monitors and changes in individuals specific exercise program in a fitness or sport setting.
23 Athletic Trainers VS Personal Trainers Certified Athletic Trainers:Must have at least a bachelor's degree in athletic training, which is an allied health professionMust pass a three-part exam before earning the ATC CredentialMust keep their skills current by participating in continuing educationMust adhere to practice guidelines set by one national certifying agencyPersonal Trainers:May or may not have higher education in health sciencesMay or may not be required to obtain certificationMay or May not participate in continuing educationMay become certified by any one of numerous agencies that set varying education and practice requirements
24 Athletic Trainers VS Personal Trainers Daily Duties: Certified Athletic Trainers:Provide physical medicine and rehabilitation servicesPrevent, assess and treat injuries (acute and chronic)Coordinate care with physicians and other allied health providersWork in schools, colleges, professional sports, clinics, hospitals, corporations, industry, and military settingsPersonal Trainers:Assess fitness needs and design appropriate exercise regimensWork with clients to achieve fitness goalsHelp educate the public about the importance of physical activityWork in health clubs, wellness centers and various other locations where fitness activities take place
25 PHYSICIAN ASSISTANTPhysician assistants (PA) are licensed health care professionals that practice medicine with physician supervision.PAsconduct physical exams,diagnose and treat illnesses,order and interpret tests,counsel on preventive health care,assist in surgery,and write prescriptions.
26 PHYSICAL THERAPISTPhysical therapists (PTs) are health care professionals who diagnose and treat individuals of all ages, from newborns to the geriatric population.PTs examine each individual and develop a plan using treatment techniques to promote the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability.
27 The Role of the Student Athletic Trainer What is the role as a student athletic trainer (student assistant)?Assist the ATC with daily tasksTreatment logTaping athletesStock tables, cabinets, and bagsHydrate athletes at practicePrepare for rehabilitation procedures
28 The Role of the Student Athletic Trainer Relay information to injured athletes in a “Lingo” they can understandStudent athletic trainers can only function under the direct supervision of an ATC or LAT
29 Summary What is Athletic Training? Where did Athletic Training/Sports Medicine start?What are the roles of the ATC, Coach, and Team Physician?What are some other occupations that may assist the sports medicine team?Where might you find employment as an ATC?What is the role of the student athletic trainer and list some of their duties.