Presentation on theme: "Written by: Sharon Gayle Retold by: Ms. Rosales Harriet was not born free. She was born a slave. Her family belonged to someone else. She was lovingly."— Presentation transcript:
Harriet was not born free. She was born a slave. Her family belonged to someone else. She was lovingly called Minty by her parents. They did not know that one day she would call herself Harriet. The night that she was born, friends of the family came to visit. They were proud of her but they wished all of them were free. The life of a slave was very hard. Even small children had to work. When she was still a young child, she had to leave her home and work for another family.
One day as Minty worked, she followed a slave and the owner. He caught the slave running away. He asked her to help him tie up the slave. Minty refused. The owner was so angry. He threw an iron that hit her on the head. She was never the same again. Minty’s new owner was very mean. One day she tried to beat her. She decided to run away. Minty slid under the fence until night fell. When the pigs were fed, Minty ate some of their food. After four days Minty was found. She was beaten so badly she had to go back to her mother. As Minty grew older, she went to work in the fields. She watched field slaves being beaten with chains and leather straps. She could not stand to see a helpless slave treated badly.
The injury hurt Minty very badly so she laid asleep for months. Her family was very happy when she woke up. She was still not well and had horrible headaches. Her headaches and “sleeping sickness” did not keep her from becoming the hardest worker in the fields. Outdoors, Minty discovered secret hiding places. She even learned to find food. She did not tell anyone about the hiding places or the food. She was sure that one day these things would keep her alive. Soon Minty married John Tubman. He was a free man but that would not make her free. Worst of all, he did not want her to be free. Right then, Minty decided she was going north no matter what. Minty waited. A white woman who lived nearby became her friend. She crept to the white woman’s farm. She was told who to see. Minty was soon to learn that these were the steps on the Underground Railroad.
She found out that it was not a real railroad. It was a group of people and places to stop for slaves who escaped to the North. Minty traveled every way possible. She traveled by foot, horseback and wagon. Soon, she found herself in Pennsylvania. She was free. The first thing that she did was to look at her hands if she looked different. She was just the same, only free! Once she was free, she spent all her free time learning more about the Underground Railroad. She wanted all slaves to be free. She returned South and to help as many slaves escape as possible. Her daring escape was with eleven people. After that, she became a legend. Southern slave owners were very angry. Bounty hunters came after her. But no one ever found her.
In 1861 a war broke out between North and South. They were fighting over the right to own slaves. She became a spy for the army of the North which was called the Union Army. In 1863, Harriet led a Union officer and black soldiers behind enemy lines. They rescued several hundred slaves and learned many of the South’s war secrets. Although Harriet helped many people find freedom, she remained poor. She knew many slaves fought amazing fear to escape their terrible lives. She was surprised how many people were proud of her. She received a medal from the queen of England to honor all the work she had done. Harriet died in 1913. She was buried with full military honors.
Just like Harriet Tubman, we can do so much for people. Here is a fun website that we all can check that allows us to give back to people who are in need. There are challenging games in vocabulary, geography, math and science games that we all can enjoy. www.freerice.com www.freerice.com
In this video, the First Graders from Ms. Hayashi’s class created a timeline about Harriet Tubman’s life. May we all learn from this short video and later on, create our own. Harriet Tubman Timeline