Presentation on theme: "Why did America become involved in Cuba?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Why did America become involved in Cuba? Containing communism in Cuba
2 The Treaty of ParisWas a treaty in which Cuba gained its independence from SpainThe USA had a right to intervene in Cuban affairs and to supervise its finances and foreign relations
3 The Treaty of ParisWas a treaty in which Cuba gained its independence from SpainThe USA had a right to intervene in Cuban affairs and to supervise its finances and foreign relationsCuba served an Economic purpose for the USA¾ of Cuban imports came from the USA2/3 of all farm land was controlled by USAThe USA took control of Guantanamo Bay: Used it as a Navy and port.
6 Cuba and America in the 1950’s Cuba had become a tourist destination for AmericansGambling , Hotels, Beaches , and Horse racing were the main attractionsSoon the US-Mafia controlled many of these industries
7 How did tension develop between cuba and the USA
8 How did tension develop between cuba and the USA 5O years after the Treaty of Paris discontent of American involvement in Cuba was SpreadingNo government official would be elected unless they had policies favorable to the USIn 1959 Cuba underwent a revolution and overthrew the unpopular president BatistaRevolution was lead by Fidel Castro
9 Fidel Castro Wealthy lawyer who overthrew Batista with Guerilla force Was a communistPromised to restore power to people and end American corruptionEducation, Health Care, Wealth Redistribution, Closing Casinos, IntegrationJailed those who disagreed with him, homosexuals and any one he considered a deviant was imprisoned
10 How would the USA react to the Cuban revolution?
11 How would the USA react to the Cuban revolution? America planned to remove Castro in The Bay of Pigs InvasionThe CIA encouraged, funded and transported an attempt by anti-Castro Cuban exiles to invade CubaThe 1,400 troops were to land on a remote beach known as the bay of pigsCuban air bases were to be bombed to protect troops: US planes would be disguised as Cuban aircraftThe plan was for the soldiers to march into Havana gain support and overthrow Castro
12 Failure of the bay of Pigs Poor Secrecy: Castro knew the attack was going to happenFailure to Control the Air: The air strikes missed targets : Photos of the US planes became public: Cuban Air force in tactFailure to Gain support: The Cuban population sided with CastroResponse: The troops landing at the bay were met by 20,000 troops
13 The Cuban Missile Crisis On 14 October 1962 an American U2 spy-plane took pictures of a nuclear missile base being built on Cuba. Kennedy’s advisers told him he had 10 days before Cuba could fire the missiles at targets in America.
16 Why were their Nuclear missiles in Cuba Political Reasons: Castro knew he would not be able to stop the US from over throwing him: So he used the Missiles as a deterrent to US invasion
17 Why were their Nuclear missiles in Cuba Political Reasons: Castro knew he would not be able to stop the US from over throwing him: So he used the Missiles provided by the Soviet Union as a deterrent to US invasionMilitary Reasons: The Soviet Union did not have a close enough base to strike America : Cuba was only 90 miles from the USA: This was a response to USA placing missiles in Turkey
18 What were the USA’s Options No action: The failed Bay of Pigs showed any military action towards cuba would be dificulyUse diplomatic measures: Negotiation rather than fightingThreaten CastroNaval blockade: US ships would stop any ships coming into the IslandAir Strikes: Destroy the base by bombing itInvasion: Troops would destroy base and remove cuba
19 How Close was Nuclear War October 22: Kennedy announced discovery of Missals to Public and his intention to quarantine( Naval blockade) the islandOctober 23: Air force prepares for attacks on Cuba and USSR 125,000 soldiers begin mobilizationOctober 25: Raised military readiness to DEFCON2( 5-1 system 1 being most nuclear war)
20 How Close was Nuclear War October 25: Raised military readiness to DEFCON2( 5-1 system 1 being most nuclear war)October 26: Russian ruler Khrushchev sends letter proposing removal of missiles and personal is USA guarantees not to Invade CubaOctober 27: A US Spy plane is shot down over CubaOctober 28: Khrushcev announces the return of missiles to the USSR, trusting the USA would not invade Cuba
21 Quiz What was the name of the USA’s Invasion to overthrow Castro?
22 Quiz What was the name of the treaty that granted the US power over Cuba?
23 Quiz How did Kennedy deal with the Cuban Missal Crisis Air StrikesNaval BlockadeHe did nothingFull ground invasion
24 Quiz Which of the following was not one of Castros policies Redistributing landExpanding tourismFree health careFree education
25 Quiz Which of the following was not one of Castros policies Redistributing landExpanding tourismFree health careFree education
26 Quiz Which of the following was not a reason the bay of pigs failed Failure to control the airFailure to gain supportPoor secrecyOld weapons