3 Policy context Europe 2020 strategy Europe 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade. In a changing world, we want the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. These three mutually reinforcing priorities should help the EU and the Member States deliver high levels of employment, productivity and social cohesion.Tormod
4 Skills policy and lifelong learning Education policyLabour markedpolicyTrade and IndustryEnviron-mental policyInternationaltrends andprocessesOtherpolicyareasHealthcareand welfarepolicy
5 Policy context Europe 2020 strategy Strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training (”ET 2020”)Significant progress being made:in support of national reforms of lifelong learning;the modernisation of higher education;the development of common European instruments promoting quality, transparency and mobility;Strategic objectives:Making lifelong learning and mobility a reality;Improving the quality and efficiency of education and trainingTormod
6 Where do we come from?2005: European Reference tools: EQF, ECVET, EQAVETEmphasis on collaboration between EU member states, as a basis for mobility and LLL20022004200620082010CopenhagenMaastrichtHelsinkiBordeauxBrugge2008: EQFRecommendationTormod2009: ECVET/ EQAVET RecommendationEU2020:ET 2020Youth on the MoveNew skills for jobs
7 Policy context Bruges Communiqué 7 DECEMBER 2010The Bruges Communiqué on enhanced European Cooperation in Vocational Education and Training for the periodI. NEW IMPETUS FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN EUROPEQuality and excellenceTormodIII. STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES FOR THE PERIOD , FOLLOWED BY SHORT-TERM DELIVERABLES4. Developing a strategic approach to the internationalisation of I-VET and C-VET and promoting international mobility
8 New Skills for New Jobs Anticipating and matching labour market and skills needs The link between EU Strategy for Growth and Jobs and an updated strategic framework for European cooperation in education and training to support Member States in raising skills levels through lifelong learning.The updated strategic framework for cooperation in education and training can stimulate innovative partnerships between education and training providers and social and economic actors, to promote more flexible and demand-led systems. The implementation of the European Qualifications Framework should increase the transparency of qualifications and facilitate access to further learning. The Copenhagen process on cooperation in VET will include a new priority to improve the links with the labour market;The New Skills for New Jobs initiative stresses the need for more effective education and training policies and modernisation of labour markets through flexicurity policies.
9 Towards Common Principles of Flexicurity: More and better jobs through flexibility and security Comprehensive lifelong learning (LLL) strategies to ensure the continual adaptability and employability of workers, particularly the most vulnerable;Internal (within the enterprise) as well as external (from one enterprise to another) flexicurity should be promoted. Sufficient flexibility in recruitment and dismissal must be accompanied by secure transitions from job to job. Upward mobility needs to be facilitated, as well as between unemployment or inactivity and work. High-quality workplaces with capable leadership, good organisation of work, and continuous upgrading of skills are part of the objectives of flexicurity. Social protection needs to support, not inhibit, mobility.
12 Synergies between LLL instruments EQAVETNIFLEQFECVETEUROPASSNon formal and informal learning
13 Knowledge – Skills – Competence EQF PrinciplesMeta-frameworkLearning OutcomesKnowledge – Skills – CompetenceDescriptors defining referencing levelsBest fitMutual trustQuality Assurance”Qualification means a formal outcome of an assessment and validation process which is obtained when a competent body determines that an individual has achieved learning outcomes to given standards” Definitions, EQF Recommendation Annex I
16 Europass CV Language Passport Diploma Supplement Certificate SupplementMobilityAll Europass documents will be adjusted to be in line with ECVET
17 Validation of NFIL; routes from learning to certification
18 Key words Lifelong learning Perme-ability Mobility Flexible learning pathways within education & training systemsFlexible learning pathways between education & training systemsValidation of non-formal / informal learningBridge between labour market and E&T systemLifelong learningTrans-parencyPerme-abilityMobility
19 A coherent set of Recommendations Quality of VET systemsMutual trustTransparency of VET qualificationsLO approachProgressive access to VET qualificationsTransfer and recognitionPromoting LLLTransfer and recognition from NFIL to formal systemNon formal and informal learning
20 The Recommendation EQF The EQF aims to relate different countries' national qualifications systems to a common European reference framework of eight levels. In the Recommendation Member States (MS) are invited to:relate their national qualifications systems to the European Qualifications Frameworkindicate the EQF level at each new qualification by 2012use an approach based on learning outcomes when defining and describing qualifications, and promote the validation of non-formal and informal learningpromote and apply the principles of quality assurance in education and trainingdesignate a national coordination pointTormod
21 NFIL Proposal recommendation Ensure, by 2018, that a national system of validation of non-formal and informal learning is established providing the opportunity for citizens toHave their skills, knowledge and competences acquired through non formal and informal learning, including via open educational resourcesObtain a full or partial qualification on the basis of validated non-formal and informal learning experiencesEnsure that the national system of validation of non-formal and informal learning includes the following elements: support, assistance, assessment, certificationEnsure synergy with ECTS and ECVETTormod
23 Synergies between LLL instruments EQAVETNFILEQFECVETEUROPASSECVET is one of several European tools designed to make qualifications systems more easily understood and flexible throughout the European Union (EU) and so support more mobility for workers and learnersNon formal and informal learning
24 The ECVET Recommendation What is the objective?SGEuropean Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is a technical framework for the transfer, recognition and, where appropriate, accumulation of individuals’ learning outcomes with a view to achieving a qualification.
25 Recommendation What has to be done? SG The European Parliament and the Council, hereby recommend [1 to 6] and endorse the Commission’s intention to [1 to 4]
26 Timetablea preparatory period running until 2012, during which the Member States will be asked to create the necessary conditions and to adopt measures with a view to introducing ECVETeach Member State may adopt and introduce ECVET (and also carry out tests and experiments) without waiting until 2012SGa period for the gradual introduction of ECVET, running until 2014possible revision of the European Recommendation in 2014
27 Technical specifications What has to be implemented?ECVET — Principles and technical specificationsSGUnits of learning outcomesA unit is a component of a qualification, consisting of a coherent set of knowledge, skills and competence that can be assessed and validated with a number of associated ECVET points.A unit may be specific to a single qualification or common to several qualifications.The unit specification should include: title of the unit & qualification(s), reference to EQF and NQF, the LO contained in the unit, criteria for assessment, ECVET points and validity in time (if relevant)2. Transfer and accumulation of LO; ECVET partnershipsHost institution: assessment; home competent institution: validation, recognition and possible accumulation. The procedures for these are designed by competent institutions involved.MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING: general framework for cooperation; the partners accept each other as competent institutions; etc. (will be talked about later)3. Learning agreement and personal transcriptSets specific conditions for a particular mobility period. Lays down the conditions for validation, recognition and accumulation4. ECVET pointsComplementary information; 60 points per academic year; allocation of points according to relative importance, complexity or effort (or a combination of these).The number of points allocated to a unit may vary from one qualification to another or from one system to another.
28 Transnational mobility European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is a technical framework for the transfer, recognition and, where appropriate, accumulation of individuals’ learning outcomes with a view to achieving a qualification.RecognitLearningoutcomesTransnational mobilityLifelong learningTransparency of qualificationsTransfer processAccumulation process
29 ECVET objectives and technical components RecognitLearningoutcomesTransparency of qualificationsUnits of learning outcomesECVET pointsTransnational mobilityAssessment of learning outcomesAccumulation processValidation of learning outcomesRecognition of learning outcomesLifelong learningRobMemorandum of understanding (partnership)Transfer processLearning agreementsTranscript of record