Presentation on theme: "Preparation for Grammar Quiz #1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Preparation for Grammar Quiz #1 Please put these notes in the Grammar section of your notebook.
2 Differentiate Between Pronouns and Adjectives Reread pages 59-61The following words are sometimes adjectives, sometimes pronounsThis, that, these, those, whose, what, which, her, his, another, each, either, neither, both, few, many, several, all, any, more, most, other, some, one.If these words come in front of a noun, they are adjectives. If they come in place of a noun, they are pronouns.Ex: This cat is furry. (Adj) This is not. (Pro)
3 Pronoun or Adjective? _____ Whose is this? a) adjective b) pronoun c) neither_____ Either dress would be good for the ceremony._____ Jim’s is the best essay._____ I appreciate her help very much.
4 Pronoun or Adjective? _____ Whose is this? a) adjective b) pronoun c) neither_____ Either dress would be good for the ceremony._____ Jim’s is the best essay._____ I appreciate her help very much.
5 Know the Difference Between Adjectives and Adverbs When you find a modifier, ask yourself, “About what does this tell me more information?”Ex: She worked hard on the math problemDoes this tell you:What kind of girl she is?How hard she worked?How hard math is?How hard the problem is?Since it tells how hard she worked, and “worked” is a verb, then “hard” is an adverb.
6 DefinitionsAdjectives - (pg 51-63) A word that modifies a noun. It answers “What Kind?”, “Which One?”, “How Many?”Articles (“a”, “an”, “the”) are a type of adjective.Examples: red, seven, big, no, wonderful, this, those, its, Lucy’s, the Richardsons’.Remember possessive adjectives: my, your, her, his, our, their, its (no apostrophe), Phil’s, the Jones’Note: if “this, that, these, those” come before a noun, they are adjectives. If they come instead of a noun, they are pronouns.
7 Find the Adjectives Irving Berlin wrote many wonderful songs. a b c d eGrabbing their lunches, the twins raced from the house.a b c d eThe marble statue was pale and dramatic against the dark velvet curtains.a b c d eSeveral books have been written about the last days of Roman power.a b c d e
8 Find the Adjectives Irving Berlin wrote many wonderful songs. a b c d eGrabbing their lunches, the twins raced from the house.a b c d eThe marble statue was pale and dramatic against the dark velvet curtains.a b c d eSeveral books have been written about the last days of Roman power.a b c d eNote: In the third sentence “dark” modifies the “velvet”, making it an adverb.
9 DefinitionsAdverbs - (pg 64-69) A word that modifies a verb, and adjective, and another adverb. About ¾ of adverbs end in “ly”.Some words that are always adverbs: “not”, “never”, “always”, “too”, “well”, “soon”, “later”, “often”, “almost”, “rather”, “quite”, “really”, “very”, “however”, “therefore”, “nevertheless”Remember, a preposition without a prepositional phrase becomes an adverb.Ex: “It is too cold”, “She ran rather quickly”, “Let’s go there.”
10 Find the AdverbsSuddenly the whistle sounded, and the train slowly left.a b c d eHe was somewhat unwilling to answer our questions.a b c d eThis trip will be rather dangerous.a b c d eThe vase was almost completely uncracked.a b c d e
11 Find the AdverbsSuddenly the whistle sounded, and the train slowly left.a b c d eHe was somewhat unwilling to answer our questions.a b c d eThis trip will be rather dangerous.a b c d eThe vase was almost completely uncracked.a b c d e
12 Definition of an Action Verb “An action verb tells what action a person or thing is performing.”Ex: Without slipping, the cat walked along the fence.Ex: A dog appeared and scared the cat away.Ex: The cat meowed as it ran.
13 Definition of a Linking Verb The SubjectA Linking Verb connects a noun or pronoun at or near the beginning of a sentence with a word at or near the end.Ex: Fluffy is quite angry at the dog.Ex: However, Fido seems undisturbed.Ex: The cat looks dangerous when upset.Either a noun or an adjective
14 The Most Common Linking Verb is… “To Be”is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been“be, being, and been” may be used as helping verbs if they are in the middle of a verb phrase.
15 The 12 Other Linking Verbs Always Linking VerbsBecomeSeemAppearRemainFeelGrowLookSmellSoundStayTasteTurnThe rest areLV or AV!
16 Know the Difference Between Action and Linking Verbs Reread pages in the Grammar BookThe following verbs are always linking: To Be (is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been), To Seem, To Become.There are ten verbs that are sometimes action, sometimes linking. There are linking verbs if they act like an “=“.Feel, Look, Sound, Smell, Taste, Turn, Grow, Remain, Stay, Appear“Remain, Stay, Appear” are action when they refer to a location. “Remain here”, “Stay home”, “Appear on stage”
17 Know Verb Phrases Read pages 46-48 in the Grammar Book You will need to be able to find Verb PhraseA Verb Phrase is an Action or Linking Verb and any Helping Verbs.Ex: She has been working at the law firm for years.Do not include any adverbs like “not, never, always, ever, very, really” and –ly words.Do not include nouns and pronouns.Remember that in a question, the Helping Verb often is moved to the front of the sentence.Have you ever gone to Catalina Island?
18 What is a Verb Phrase? A Verb Phrase has more than one verb in it. There is an Action Verb or a Linking Verb at the end.All other verbs in the Verb Phrase are Helping Verbs.
19 Definition of a Helping Verb Helping Verbs are added before another verb to make a verb phrase.Ex: Fido has been Fluffy’s enemy for years.Ex: Fluffy would not have liked any dog..Ex: Should a cat really bother a dog like that?
20 The Helping Verb Song (sung to the tune of Jingle Bells) Helping Verbs! Helping Verbs! There areAm, is, are! Was and were! Being, been, and be!Have, has, had! Do, does, did! Shall, should, will, and would!There are 5 more helping verbs: may, might, must, can, could!
21 Why is “to” not your friend? If “to” comes in front of a Verb, it is part of the Verb.If “to” comes in front of a noun (or an Adj+Noun), it is a Preposition.
22 What is the “Infinitive Form” of the Verb? The “Infinitive Form” of the Verb is the unused, unconjugated form.The verb has “to” in front of it.It is used as a noun, not a verb.