4 An Urban Place is . . . . Ask Students: What are the major characteristic features of an urban place from the photos?Can these features be found in Hong Kong?What are the differences between urban places and rural areas?
6 Spatial Distribution of World Cities along the coast / route focusmainly in the N. Hemispheremainly between 100N and 600NTeachers can ask students:Why do the major world cities locate at there, but not other places?
15 People leave their old home rural area because of.... Push FactorsPeople leave their old home rural area because of....
16 No spare land to get a farm! No jobs available!Poor and inadequate facilities!Boring life!
17 Low Living Standard!Poor living Condition!Overpopulation!Less Provision of Education!
18 People are attracted to cities because of.... Pull FactorsPeople are attracted to cities because of....
19 Easy to get a job!Better living conditions!Better facilities!More entertainment !
20 Improved Communication! High and Stable Income!More Provision of Education!Industrialization!
21 How does the urban grow and expand? Two types of expansion:1. Horizontal- (urban sprawl)2. Vertical- (buildingsincrease in height)
22 Process of Urban Sprawl OvercrowdedExpand outwardsAlong the main roadStar shapeFeeder join to the main roadNew settlement filledSEA
23 Urban Land Uses in Hong Kong Land Use Models Key QuestionsUrban Land Uses in Hong KongLand Use ModelsCurrent Development of Urban Areas in Hong Kong
24 Urban Land Uses Commercial Land Use Residential Land Use Industrial Land UseInstitutional Land UseRecreation Land UseTransport Land Use
25 Commercial Land Use Central Business District (CBD) Examples in Hong Kong:- Central,- Tsim Sha TsuiHigh land rentGood accessibilityHigh-rise building
26 Residential Land Use High class residential areas - Mid-levels, Kowloon Tong,Hong Lok YuenMiddle class residential areas- Tai Koo Shing, Mei Foo Sun ChuenLow class residential areas- Tse Wan Shan, Yau Ma Tei
28 Industrial Land Use Old Industrial Zone - Tai Kok Tsui, - Sheung Wan Industries along the waterfront- Kwai Chung, Kwun TongNew Industrial Zone- Tai Po, Yuen Long,Junk Bay
29 Industrial Land Use In Hong Kong What type of industries are the pictures?
30 Institutional Land Use Administrative:- CourtsCultural and public services:- SchoolsMilitary:- Barracks
31 Recreation Land UseParksSport groundIndoor playgroundSwimming pool
32 Transport Land Use Roads Car parks Transport Terminals Airports Container Terminals
33 Distribution of Major Urban Land Use Zones in a City Concentric Model- by E.W. Bugress (1923)Sector Model- by H. Hoyt (1939)Multiple Nuclei Model- by C.D.Harris and E.L.Ullman (1945)
34 Concentric Model Central Business District (CBD) Wholesale, Light Manufacturing (Zone in Transitional)Low Class ResidentialMiddle Class ResidentialHigh Class Residential
35 Sector Model Central Business District (CBD) Low Class Residential Middle Class ResidentialWholesale, Light Manufacturing (Zone in Transitional)High Class Residential
36 Multiple Nuclei Model M.C.R. CBD H.C.R. Wholesale Light Manufacturing Outlying Business DistrictL.C.R.Residential SubrubHeavy IndustriesIndustrialSubrub
37 Factors Affecting the Distribution of Urban Land Use Zones Economic Factors- Competition for the use of urban landInstitutional Factors- The role of governmentHistorical Factors- Lack of planning, same social groups
38 Relationship between Bid Rent and Land Use Patterns in a City CommercialIndustrialResidential
39 Current Development of Urban Areas in Hong Kong
40 Ng King Yeung C.C.C. Kei Yuen College Prepared by Humanities Unit Curriculum Development Institute Education Department &Ng King Yeung C.C.C. Kei Yuen College