2 Location and importance Nairobi is in western KenyaIt is the capital and the largest city
3 Population Nairobi’s population in 1995 was 1.5 million. The population grew from 100,00 in 1948 to 1.3 million in 1989.It is expected to double by 2010.
4 Population GrowthThis rapid growth is due mainly to rural-urban migration.A young population means that the rate of natural increase is very high too.
5 Population Growth(2)Many push factors encourage people to leave rural areas including poverty and unemploymentPull factors like the promise of better jobs and services encourage people to move to Nairobi.
6 ProblemsThis increase in population has led to a shortage of cheap housing and overcrowding.Most households share 1 room with 6-7 people in each household.This results in a high population density. (73,000 people per sq.km.).
7 Problems(2) lower standards of health, hygiene and sanitation. Lack of basic services like water supply and mains drainage.Illegal slums may be pulled down by property developers causing homelessness.
8 Shanty towns55% of Nairobi's population live on 6% of the city’s area in shanty towns.They are mainly to the W. of Nairobi on the edge, along roads, railway lines or by rivers.An example is Kariobangi.