Presentation on theme: "Hazardous Waste Storage, Transportation, and Disposal."— Presentation transcript:
Hazardous Waste Storage, Transportation, and Disposal
HW Transporters A hazardous waste transporter under Subtitle C is any person engaged in the off-site transportation of hazardous waste within the United States, if such transportation requires a manifest. Regulated by EPA and DOT
Transporter Requirements Obtain an EPA ID number Comply with the manifest system Properly handle hazardous waste discharges
Storage Facility Holding hazardous waste for a temporary period, after which the hazardous waste is treated, disposed of, or stored elsewhere
Treatment Facility Any method, technique, or process designed to physically, chemically, or biologically change the nature of a hazardous waste
Disposal Facility The discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid or hazardous waste on or in the land or water. A disposal facility is any site where hazardous waste is intentionally placed and where the waste will remain after a TSDF stops operation.
Regulatory Requirements of TSD Facilities Meet general facility standards Preparedness and prevention requirements Contingency plans and emergency procedure provisions Manifest, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements. Closure and postclosure (financial assurance) Groundwater monitoring
Land Disposal Requirements Prohibits the land disposal of hazardous waste that has not been adequately treated to reduce the threat posed to human health and the environment Prohibits dilution of hazardous waste to circumvent proper treatment Prohibits indefinite storage of untreated hazardous waste other than the accumulation of quantities necessary for effective treatment or disposal
Treatment Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT) –Treatment standards, or –Technology
Universal Treatment Standards A universal treatment standard is a single concentration limit established for a specific constituent regardless of the waste matrix in which it is present, i.e., the same treatment standard applies to a particular constituent in each waste code in which it is regulated Two different sets of universal treatment standards –for nonwastewater forms of waste –FOR wastewater forms of waste.
Example: BDAT for Wood Preserving Wastes Universal treatment standards for the regulation of listed hazardous wastes identified as F032, F034, and F035.UTS Treatment standard alternative of combustion for the regulation of Dioxin and Furan (D/F) constituents in F032 Based on slag vitrification and stabilization/solidification treatment performance data for nonwastewaters Based on (1) pretreatment steps such as oil separation, pH adjustment, chemical precipitation/clarification, and equalization (2) biological treatment processes with acclimation of microorganisms to the concentrations of pentachlorophenol, PCDD, PCDF, and metals; or (3) the addition of a carbon adsorption polishing
Subtitle C Regulated Treatment/Disposal Facilities Containers/Containment Buildings Drip Pads Land Treatment Units Landfills Surface Impoundments Tanks Waste Piles Miscellaneous Units (salt domes formations, underground mines, and underground caves) Combustion