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Hazardous Waste Storage, Transportation, and Disposal.

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Presentation on theme: "Hazardous Waste Storage, Transportation, and Disposal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Hazardous Waste Storage, Transportation, and Disposal

2 HW Transporters  A hazardous waste transporter under Subtitle C is any person engaged in the off-site transportation of hazardous waste within the United States, if such transportation requires a manifest.  Regulated by EPA and DOT

3 Transporter Requirements  Obtain an EPA ID number  Comply with the manifest system  Properly handle hazardous waste discharges

4 Storage Facility  Holding hazardous waste for a temporary period, after which the hazardous waste is treated, disposed of, or stored elsewhere

5 Treatment Facility  Any method, technique, or process designed to physically, chemically, or biologically change the nature of a hazardous waste

6 Disposal Facility  The discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any solid or hazardous waste on or in the land or water. A disposal facility is any site where hazardous waste is intentionally placed and where the waste will remain after a TSDF stops operation.

7 Regulatory Requirements of TSD Facilities  Meet general facility standards  Preparedness and prevention requirements  Contingency plans and emergency procedure provisions  Manifest, recordkeeping, and reporting requirements.  Closure and postclosure (financial assurance)  Groundwater monitoring

8 Land Disposal Requirements  Prohibits the land disposal of hazardous waste that has not been adequately treated to reduce the threat posed to human health and the environment  Prohibits dilution of hazardous waste to circumvent proper treatment  Prohibits indefinite storage of untreated hazardous waste other than the accumulation of quantities necessary for effective treatment or disposal

9 Treatment  Best Demonstrated Available Technology (BDAT) –Treatment standards, or –Technology

10 Universal Treatment Standards  A universal treatment standard is a single concentration limit established for a specific constituent regardless of the waste matrix in which it is present,  i.e., the same treatment standard applies to a particular constituent in each waste code in which it is regulated  Two different sets of universal treatment standards –for nonwastewater forms of waste –FOR wastewater forms of waste.


12 Example: BDAT for Wood Preserving Wastes  Universal treatment standards for the regulation of listed hazardous wastes identified as F032, F034, and F035.UTS  Treatment standard alternative of combustion for the regulation of Dioxin and Furan (D/F) constituents in F032  Based on slag vitrification and stabilization/solidification treatment performance data for nonwastewaters  Based on (1) pretreatment steps such as oil separation, pH adjustment, chemical precipitation/clarification, and equalization (2) biological treatment processes with acclimation of microorganisms to the concentrations of pentachlorophenol, PCDD, PCDF, and metals; or (3) the addition of a carbon adsorption polishing

13 Subtitle C Regulated Treatment/Disposal Facilities  Containers/Containment Buildings  Drip Pads  Land Treatment Units  Landfills  Surface Impoundments  Tanks  Waste Piles  Miscellaneous Units (salt domes formations, underground mines, and underground caves)  Combustion





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