Presentation on theme: "1 Malpractice Introduction to Primary Care: a course of the Center of Post Graduate Studies in FM PO Box 27121 – Riyadh 11417 Tel: 4912326 – Fax: 4970847."— Presentation transcript:
1 Malpractice Introduction to Primary Care: a course of the Center of Post Graduate Studies in FM PO Box 27121 – Riyadh 11417 Tel: 4912326 – Fax: 4970847
2 Objectives Objectives: –be able to state the extent of medical malpractice –define the importance of medical malpractice –be able to explain the liability formula –be able to discuss the role of expert opinion in malpractice –be able to explain the malpractice defenses
Malpractice Improper or negligent treatment of a patient, as by a physician, resulting in injury, damage, or loss. Improper or unethical conduct by the holder of a professional or official position. The act or an instance of improper practice. 3
4 Is an act or omission by a health care provider that deviates from what is the accepted standards of practice in the medical community. This act or omission then causes injury to the patient. In laymen’s terms, medical malpractice is basically professional negligence by a health care professional that leads to an injury or complications on the part of the patient Medical Malpractice Defined
7 Situation in Saudi Arabia The Regulations of Medical Practice, developed by the Ministry of Health (MOH). The Medico-Legal Committee (MLC ) carries the responsibility of receiving claims and investigating the professional malpractice that results in morbidity or mortality. Investigations involve reviewing all patient medical files and records as well as interviewing the presumed accused medical staff members, in order to reach a verdict
8 The yearly number of final decisions in claims classified by sector of the medical health care service in Saudi Arabia. Different services 14201421142214231424 Ministry of Health Medical Services 111100123188 Private Sector Medical Services 124123 169144 Military Medical Services 1613141712 University Medical Services 51663 Other Medical Services 9185136 Ref: Abdulhamid Samarkandi. Status of medical liability claims in Saudi Arabia, Ann Saudi Med 26(2) March-April 2006 www.kfshrc.edu.sa/annals
9 The trend in the total number of claims in different medical specialties Ref: Abdulhamid Samarkandi. Status of medical liability claims in Saudi Arabia, Ann Saudi Med 26(2) March-April 2006 www.kfshrc.edu.sa/annals
10 The percentage of claims in different medical specialties. Ref: Abdulhamid Samarkandi. Status of medical liability claims in Saudi Arabia, Ann Saudi Med 26(2) March-April 2006 www.kfshrc.edu.sa/annals
What are the factors leading to malpractice? 11
12 Malpractice Factors The physician: Physician Physician is in key position to influence malpractice. After all it is him who initiate Rx. The patient: Communication approach Communication approach: in which it is proposed that patient don’t know much about their illness or Rx & that it is this ignorance that lead to malpractice.
13 Malpractice Factors The practice/system: Lack - Lack of policy and guidelines. -Lack -Lack of appointment system. -Lack -Lack of resources.
14 Duty (Did a physician-patient relationship exist) + Breach of duty (Did the physician fail to meet the required standard of care) + Causation (Did the physician’s breach cause the patient’s injury) + Damages (Did the patient incur medical expenses, pain, suffering, lost wages as a result of the breach) = LIABILITY The Liability Formula
15 Expert opinon No need for expert opinion –Common knowledge exception Right leg-left leg –Res ipsa loquitur (the thing itself speaks ) Sponge in abdomen Proof of Malpractice
16 Conformed to the standard of care Alternative methods of treatment Clinical innovation Contributory Fault Assumption of the risk Waiver Malpractice Defenses
17 Vicarious liability Captain of the Ship Doctrine –Particularly for surgeons Borrowed servant doctrine Referring physicians Covering doctors Physician assistants You can be liable for the acts of others!
18 Prevention of malpractice Anticipate what might go wrong –inform patient –prepare for complications –avoid surprises Competence, Communication, Consent, Compassion, Compliance, Current, Calm… Charting / documentation is critical in high risk situations (Accurate, detailed) Good record keeping
Insurance New act in KSA: –All doctors have to have malpractice insurance –Contracts are not renewed without insurance