The term of cardiovascular means pertaining to the heart and blood vessels. It’s function is: 1- Is to Supply all body tissue with oxygen and nutrients to transport cellular waste products to the appropriate organs for removal from the body. Function of the cardiovascular system
The major structures of the cardiovascular system are the 1.Heart 2.blood vessels 3.blood Structures of the cardiovascular system
The pericardium Is the walled membranous sac that encloses the heart.
The walls of the heart The walls of the heart are made up of three layers Epicardium: it is the external layer of the heart also is part of the inner layer of the pericardium. Myocardium: it is the middle and thickest of the three layers consist of cardiac muscle. Endocardium:It is lining of the heart, from the inner surface of the heart.
The blood vessels: There are three major types of blood vessels in the body these are the: The arteries The arteries are the large blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all the body. It is the high oxygen blood The capillaries Capillaries serve as the anatomic units connecting the arterial and venous circulatory system. The vein The vein a low pressure collecting system to return the waste filled blood to the heart.
Medical specialties related to cardiovascular system Cardiologist specialties in diagnosing and treating abnormalities, disease and disorder of the heart. A hematologist a specializes in diagnosing and treating disease of the blood.
Diagnostic procedures of the cardiovascular system 1- Angiocardiograpy Angio------- means blood vessel Cardio------ means heart Grapy------ means the process of recording
2- Cardiac catheterization (C.C) it is a procedure in which a catheter is pulled into a vein or artery and is guided into the heart 3- Electrocardiogram (E.C.G) or (E.K.G) is a record of the electrical activity of the myocardium Diagnostic procedures of the cardiovascular system (Con)
Defibrillation: Is the use of electrical shock to restore the heart normal. Rhythm this can be performed extremely as an emergency procedure or a device may be implanted to control severe arrhythmias Medical terms related to the cardiovascular system
A pacemaker: Is an electronic device that may be attached externally or implanted under the skin, with connections leading into the heart to regulate the heart beat. Pacemaker is used as treatment for brady cardia or arterial fibrillation. Medical terms related to the cardiovascular system
An atherosclerosis : is hardening and narrowing of the arteries. Ischemic heart disease (I.H.D.) - Means insufficient supply of oxygenated blood to heart. angina pectoris: is a sever episode of is a clinical syndrome characterized by pain or feeling of pressure in the anterior chest when body is not receiving adequate oxygen Medical terms related to the cardiovascular system
Myocardial infarction: (heart attack) when blood supply to heart is completely blocked; muscle dies hypertension : high blood pressure Congestive heart failure: Inability of the heart to pump its required amount of blood. Blood accumulates in the lungs, causing pulmonary edema. Tachycardia: Condition of fast, rapid heartbeat Bradycardia: slow heartbeat
TermsMeaning CarditisInflammation of the heart PericarditisInflammation of the pericardium MyocarditisInflammation of the myocardium EndocarditisInflammation of inner layer of the heart Other terms