Presentation on theme: "MONEY MANAGEMENT II Debt, Counseling & Bankruptcy."— Presentation transcript:
MONEY MANAGEMENT II Debt, Counseling & Bankruptcy
What We’re Covering Today Signs of Financial Trouble Debt Collection Practices Resources for Help Bankruptcy Chapter 7 vs. Chapter 13
Signs of Financial Trouble Credit is a responsibility, one that cannot be taken lightly. Using poor judgment and spending beyond your means can lead to disastrous results. Signs that you may have debt problems include: Making only the minimum monthly payments on credit cards Struggling to make the monthly payments on credit accounts Missing loan payments or being late often Using savings to pay for necessities (food, utilities, etc) Receiving 2 nd or 3 rd payment due notices from creditors Borrowing money to pay off old debts Exceeding the credit limits on your credit cards Being denied credit because of a bad credit report
How Debt Collections Happen A debt collection begins with an unpaid bill…. After a period of time, dependent upon the original creditor’s lending policies, an unpaid debt will be sold at a reduced rate in an attempt to recoup some of the losses. Example: Selling a $100 debt for $50 The companies who purchase this debt is a debt collection agency. Remember, these are businesses and their ultimate goal is to make money.
The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act Debt collection agencies must adhere to protocols established by the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act. Let’s watch a short video outlining those rights!
Rights Granted by The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act Debt Collection Agencies Cannot Call before 8AM or after 9PM Curse or insult you Demand that you pay more than you owe Claim papers they send you are legal forms if they are not Make up consequences for not paying your debt Call you at work if your employer does not allow it You have the right to have debt collectors stop calling you altogether. Must notify in writing
Resources for Financial Help Contact Creditors First Attempt to work an adjusted repayment plan out with the original creditor first. Use a non-profit financial counseling program Consumer Credit Counseling Service Consumer Credit Counseling Service The CCCS, and many similar programs will Charge little to no fee Keep your information confidential Help those with serious debt problems manage their money better and establish realistic budgets Educate on budgeting and the pitfalls of unwise credit purchasing
Who Exactly Is Helping You? Beware! Not all financial counselors are built the same! Many companies in this industry exist purely for profit. They make money by charging you fees and by receiving money from your creditors. Before you select a financial counseling company to help you get out of serious debt trouble, do your research (Check with the Better Business Bureau and other reputable resources).
Bankruptcy What if financial counseling cannot help? What if the case has gotten too extreme and there is no relief in sight? Consumers can declare bankruptcy; the legal process in which some or all of the assets of a debtor are distributed among the creditors because the debtor is unable to pay their debt. Bankruptcies are kept on file with credit bureaus for 10 years. Only in extreme cases should you declare bankruptcy
Bankruptcy: Chapter 7 vs. Chapter 13 Chapter 7 Many, but not all, of your debts are forgiven Majority of debtors assets are sold to pay off creditors The release from debt does not affect alimony, child support, fines stemming from driving while intoxicated among other things. Chapter 13 Debtor presents a plan to the court to eliminate their debts over a specific period of time. Debtor normally keeps all, or most, of their property During the plan (not to exceed 5 years), debtor makes regular payments to a Chapter 13 trustee who then distributes the money to the creditors.
Wrap-Up & Review There are signs of financial trouble, know them! Debt collectors operate to make a profit. While doing this they must adhere to a code of conduct established by the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act There are great resources for helping people with financial planning. Be sure you research first! Bankruptcy should be avoided. However there are different forms of bankruptcy depending upon the severity of the situation.