Presentation on theme: "The Production Process"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Production Process INPUTTRANSFORMATION PROCESSOUTPUT
2 Factors of productionFactors of production are the resources of LAND, LABOUR, CAPITAL and ENTERPRISE used to produce goods and services.
3 FACTORS OF PRODUCTION LAND Land is the natural resources on the planet. It includes space on the ground, hills, seas, oceans, air etcEach individual has a different level of skills, qualities and qualifications. This is known as there HUMAN CAPITAL.LABOURLabour is the human input (workers, managers etc) into the production process. The UK has about 58 million people of which approximately 35 million are of working age.ENTERPRISEThe entrepreneur provides the initial ideas.They risk their own resources in business ventures. They also organise the other 3 factors of production.CAPITALMan made physical goods used to produce other goods and services.Examples include machines, computers, tools, factories, roads etc.Increases in the level of capital are called INVESTMENT
4 The Production Process INPUTTRANSFORMATION PROCESSOUTPUT
5 THE THINK BLOGThink about your school. What evidence is there of the 4 factors of production land, labour, capital and enterprise?Now do the same for a business that you know something about.What qualities are needed in an effective entrepreneur?Think about your own human capital. What skills and qualities do you have?
6 Types of productionThe factors of production are combined to make goods and services. Choices have to be made over what to produce and how to produce.The value of total production in an economy is known as TOTAL OUTPUT.
7 PRIMARY INDUSTRY SECONDARY INDUSTRY TERTIARY INDUSTRY Types of IndustryPRIMARY INDUSTRYSECONDARY INDUSTRYTERTIARY INDUSTRY
8 PRIMARY INDUSTRYIndustry that extracts raw materials from the earth, such as coal, fish and wheat. Raw materials are mined, collected, grown or cut down.Examples coal mining, agriculture, oil extraction
9 SECONDARY INDUSTRYIndustry that processes primary products into manufactured goods.Examples car production, making tables
10 TERTIARY INDUSTRYBusinesses that provide a service, either to individuals or to other businessesExamples hairdressing, banking or solicitors
11 De-industrialisation This refers to the change in the balance of the economy between the output of different types of industry.In the UK and other advanced economies there is NOW LESS PRIMARY INDUSTRY and MORE TERTIARY INDUSTRYThe UK has experienced the loss or decline of a number of established industries e.g. shipbuilding, miningThese have been replaced by a growth in the service sector e.g. leisure facilities, retail. People generally have more TIME and DISPOSABLE INCOME to spend on these options.
12 QUESTIONSA Which is the fastest growing sector (primary, secondary or tertiary) at present in the UK and why?B Which types of industry are the following:a) hairdressing b) copper mining c) farming d) education e) financial services