Presentation on theme: "Understanding Hospice, Palliative Care and End-of-life Issues"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding Hospice, Palliative Care and End-of-life Issues This presentation is intended as a templateModify and/or delete slides as appropriate for your organization and communityDelete this slide before useTo view speaker notes and edit presentation, click 'Edit', then 'Edit slides'(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
2 Understanding Hospice, Palliative Care and End-of-Life Issues (Add your organization’s name and contact information here)
3 Fact25% of deaths occur at home - more than 80% of Americans would prefer to die at home(NHPCO and National Hospice Foundation)
4 HospiceProvides support and care for those in the last phases of life-limiting illnessRecognizes dying as part of the normal process of livingAffirms life and neither hastens nor postpones deathFocuses on quality of life for individuals and their family caregivers(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
5 Core Aspects of Hospice Patient/family focusedInterdisciplinaryProvides a range of services:Interdisciplinary case managementPharmaceuticalsDurable medical equipmentSuppliesVolunteersGrief supportAs defined by HMB(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
6 Additional Services Hospices offer additional services, including: Hospice residential care (facility)Inpatient hospice carePalliative careComplementary therapiesSpecialized pediatric teamCaregiver training classesNot all programs offer these – based on needs in community, mission, resources, skills(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
7 Hospice Team Members The patient's personal physician Hospice physician (medical director)NursesHome health aidesSocial workersClergy or other counselorsSpeech, physical, and occupational therapistsTrained volunteersAlso from the HMB – palliative care programs don’t need to include all these disciplines(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
8 The Hospice Team Develops the plan of care Manages pain and symptoms Attends to the emotional, psychosocial and spiritual aspects of dying and caregivingTeaches the family how to provide careAdvocates for the patient and familyProvides bereavement care and counselingThese are primary services offered by hospice. Not all patients/families avail themselves of these services.Develops the plan of care with the familyManages pain and symptomsAttends to the emotional, psychosocial and spiritual aspects of dying and caregivingTeaches the family how to provide careAdvocates for care needs of patient and familyProvides bereavement care and counseling to surviving family and friends(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
9 Where Hospice is Provided HomeNursing FacilityAssisted Living FacilityHospitalHospice residence or unitPrison, homeless shelter – where ever the person isDelivered across care setting.Man on the porch(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
10 Who Pays? Medicare Medicaid Insurance Private pay Sometimes a combination of these…
11 Admission Criteria General Life-limiting illness, prognosis is 6 months or less if the disease takes normal courseLive in service areaConsent to accept services
12 Palliative CareTreatment that enhances comfort and improves the quality of an individual’s life during the last phase of lifeThe expected outcome is relief from distressing symptoms, the easing of pain, and/or enhancing the quality of lifeHospice that isn’t defined by the 6 month hospice benefit. It’s important to understand the subtle differences between palliative care and hospice.Most hospices were “designed” based on the HMB model. That model limits admission to hospice to those with 6 mo prognosis and the discontinuation of “curative” treatments. Palliative care doesn’t have those limitations. Palliative care programs don’t have to provide the same range of core services – IDT, bereavement, spiritual, social work, patient/family, etc. We’ll talk more about this as we explore the hospice model.All hospice is palliative, all palliative isn’t hospice and doesn’t have to provide same range of services.(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
13 Curative and Palliative Care Curative careFocuses on quantity of life and prolonging of lifePalliative careFocuses on quality of life and death, and views death as a natural part of lifeWhen a patient’s disease process is no longer curable or reversible, aggressive curative treatment begins to be less appropriate and may be considered harmful.Hospice philosophy emphasizes palliative care, which can be as aggressive as curative care, with afocus on comfort, quality of life, and patient-/family-directed care that promotes the patient’s right toself-determination and decision-making.Curative care: Focuses on quantity of life and prolonging of life.Curative care can actually cause more suffering when cure is no longer possible and treatments and procedures needlessly extend the period of suffering.Quality of life is often elusive if a patient is subjected to treatments and interventions that he/she did not choose, such as respirators, intravenous infusion and tube feedings.Within the hospice philosophy, patients are encouraged to complete advance directives. patients’ choices regarding resuscitation measures and curative treatments are respected and honored by hospice.Palliative care: Focuses on quality of life and death, and views death as a natural part of life.Palliative care is a lessening and relief of physical, psychosocial and spiritual suffering so that the patient can accomplish his/her goals and life-closure tasks.Closure tasks may include saying goodbye, letting go, finding meaning and value in life and death, and mending relationships.Control and management of physical, emotional, psychosocial and spiritual pain and suffering and other end-of-life issues are paramount.Determining specific things that bring quality of life to each patientQuestions?(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
14 Resources in Our Community Insert name of your hospice/coalition/agency and any other relevant resources – invite people to call you.(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
15 •is a consumer Web site with specific information on planning ahead for future healthcare decisions and hospice.Plus a Caring Connections has a consumer helpline number to available to answer your questions and to request a free an advance directive or brochure about hospice.(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
16 FREE Resources Available from Caring Connections More information about Hospice and Palliative CareState-specific advance directivesBrochures to download or order:What is Palliative Care?Hospice CareHow to Choose a Quality HospiceThe Dying Process: A Guide for Family CaregiversHospice Volunteers: Helping People LIVEThe FREE resources available from Caring Connections are:State-specific advance directivesHospice and Palliative Care informationSome of the brochure topics available to download or order:What is Palliative Care?Hospice CareHospice Volunteers: Helping People LIVEThe Dying Process: A Guide for Family Caregivers(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.
17 It’s About How You LIVE!Learn about your options, choices and decisionsImplement your advance directive plansVoice your decisions about hospice and palliative careEngage others to learn more about hospice and palliative careOverall – IT”S ABOUT HOW YOU LIVE!Think about how you want it to be for yourself, your loved ones and your community and decide what actions you need and want to take when you walk out the door.You can Learn more about your options and choices about hospice and palliative careYou can Implement a plan to ensure your wishes are honored by completing your advance directives and other plans for future health care. FREE advance directive forms are available atYou can Voice your decisions about hospice and palliative care by talking to your loved ones and doctorYou can Engage in personal or community efforts to improve end-of-life care by helpng others to learn more about hospice and palliative careWe are here to help you take that next step with whatever you decide. To contact us……Thank you for your time.(c) National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization.