Presentation on theme: "Electromagnetic Waves (light) & the Electromagnetic Spectrum"— Presentation transcript:
1 Electromagnetic Waves (light) & the Electromagnetic Spectrum
2 Waves Medium material through which a wave transfers ENERGY All waves carry … ENERGY!!!Mediummaterial through which a wave transfers ENERGYsolid, liquid, gas, or combinationsome can even move through scpace
3 Electromagnetic Waves (light) Light waves are transverse wavesIn transverse wave the medium moves perpendicular (opposite) to the motion of the wave.MediumMotion of wave
4 EM (electromagnetic) Waves EM waves travels fastest when there is no matter (particles) in the way.Does not need a medium to travelex: light can travel trough spaceSpeed depends on the mediumslowest fastestmedium vacuum(solid – liquid - gas) (space)
5 Electromagnetic Radiation Energy emitted from thesun that travels to earth through space.They contain electrical and magnetic properties.Have some magnetic and some electrical properties to them.
6 Electromagnetic waves travel VERY FAST – around 300,000 km/s (the speed of light). At this speed they can go around the world 8 times in one second!!!
7 Electromagnetic Spectrum—name for the range of electromagnetic waves when placed in order of increasing frequencyGAMMA RAYSULTRAVIOLET RAYSRADIO WAVESINFRARED RAYSX-RAYSMICROWAVESVISIBLE LIGHT
8 Notice the wavelength is long (Radio waves) and gets shorter (Gamma Rays)
10 RADIO WAVESHave the longest wavelengths and lowest frequencies of all the electromagnetic waves.
11 Global Positioning Systems (GPS) measure the time it takes a radio wave to travel from several satellites to the receiver, determining the distance to each satellite.
12 A radio picks up radio waves through an antenna and converts it to sound waves.
13 (MAGNETIC RESONACE IMAGING) MRI(MAGNETIC RESONACE IMAGING)Uses Short wave radio waves with a magnet to create an image.
14 MICROWAVESHave the shorter wavelengths and the higher frequency than radio waves.
15 Used in microwave ovens. Waves transfer energy to the water in the food causing them to vibrate which in turn transfers energy in the form of heat to the food.
16 Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than microwaves. INFRARED RAYSInfrared (below red)Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than microwaves.
17 Infrared Waves You can feel these as warmth on your skin Warm objects give off more heat energy than cool objects.
18 Therefore people give off infrared rays. Thermogram—a picture that shows regions of different temperatures in the body. Temperatures are calculated by the amount of infrared radiation given off.Therefore people give off infrared rays.Heat lamps give off infrared waves.
19 VISIBLE LIGHT Electromagnetic waves we can see. Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than infrared rays.Longest wavelength= red lightShortest wavelength= violet (purple) light
20 When light enters a new medium it bends (refracts) When light enters a new medium it bends (refracts). Each wavelength bends a different amount allowing white light to separate into it’s various colors ROYGBV.
21 Carry more energy than visible light ULTRAVIOLET RAYSShorter wavelength and higher frequency than visible lightCarry more energy than visible light
22 Used to kill bacteria. (Sterilization of equipment) UV RaysUsed to kill bacteria. (Sterilization of equipment)Used in tanning beds – VERY DANGEROUS
23 UV Rays Too much can cause skin cancer. Use sun block to protect against (UV rays)
24 Causes your skin to produce vitamin D (good for teeth and bones)
25 X- RAYS Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than UV-rays Carry a great amount of energyCan penetrate most matter.
26 Bones and teeth absorb x-rays Bones and teeth absorb x-rays. (The light part of an x-ray image indicates a place where the x-ray was absorbed)
27 Too much exposure can cause cancer (lead vest at dentist protects organs from unnecessary exposure)
28 The rays pass through the cracks and the cracks appear dark on film. Used by engineers to check for tiny cracks in structures.The rays pass through the cracks and the cracks appear dark on film.
29 GAMMA RAYS Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than X-rays Carry the greatest amount of energy and penetrate the most.
30 Used in radiation treatment to kill cancer cells. Can be very harmful if not used correctly.
31 The Incredible Hulk was the victim of gamma radiation.
33 Brief SUMMARYA. All electromagnetic waves travel at the same speed. (300,000,000 meters/second) in a vacuum.B. They all have different wavelengths and different frequencies.Long wavelength-lowest frequencyShort wavelength highest frequencyThe higher the frequency the higher the energy.
36 Doppler Effect example An observed change in the frequency of a wave when the source or observer is moving.The pitch of a sound, high or low, depends on the frequency of sound waves.Frequency changes when the source is moving.example
37 ReflectionReflection is the bouncing back of a wave as it meets a surface or a boundary.
38 DiffractionThe bending of waves as they pass an edge or opening is called diffraction.
39 RefractionRefraction is the bending of waves as they pass from one medium into another.
40 InterferenceInterference is the combination of two or more waves that exist in the same place at the same time.Constructive interference always results in a new wave that is bigger than the original waves.Destructive interference always results in a new wave that is smaller than the largest of the original waves.Examples