2 What is light? Light is a kind of energy. Without light energy you could not see anything!!!!!!!!Light energy gives things colors, helps plants to grow, can power solar batteries to make electricity and is used in lasers.
3 The waves can be refracted through the object. The waves can pass through the objectThe waves can be reflected off the object.The waves can be scattered off the object.The waves can be absorbed by the object.The waves can be refracted through the object.
4 Light Waves What is reflection? What is absorption?An effect that occurs when light hits smooth, shiny surfaces.The light changes direction and a mirror image is reflected.When light is taken into an object and is not reflected from the object.
8 Parts of a wave Frequency- how often a wave occurs Amplitude- height of each waveWavelength- distance between each wave
9 ??Prompt students to guess what the teal box, then the blue box, is hiding. (Wavelength, Amplitude)
10 Electromagnetic waves travel as vibrations in electrical and magnetic fields. Have some magnetic and some electrical properties to them.
11 When an electric field changes, so does the magnetic field When an electric field changes, so does the magnetic field. The changing magnetic field causes the electric field to change. When one field vibrates—so does the other.RESULT-An electromagnetic wave.
12 Electromagnetic waves travel VERY FAST – around 300,000 kilometres per second (the speed of light). At this speed they can go around the world 8 times in one second.
13 Electromagnetic Spectrum— name for the range of electromagnetic waves when placed in order of increasing frequencyGAMMA RAYSULTRAVIOLET RAYSRADIO WAVESINFRARED RAYSX-RAYSMICROWAVESVISIBLE LIGHT
14 Notice the wavelength is long (Radio waves) and gets shorter (Gamma Rays)
17 RADIO WAVESHave the longest wavelengths and lowest frequencies of all the electromagnetic waves.
18 Global Positioning Systems (GPS) measure the time it takes a radio wave to travel from several satellites to the receiver, determining the distance to each satellite.
19 A radio picks up radio waves through an antenna and converts it to sound waves. Each radio station in an area broadcasts at a different frequency.# on radio dial tells frequency.
20 (MAGNETIC RESONACE IMAGING) MRI(MAGNETIC RESONACE IMAGING)Uses Short wave radio waves with a magnet to create an image.
21 Example of Radio Waves RADAR (Radio Detection and Ranging) Used to find the speed of an object by sending out radio waves and measuring the time it takes them to return.
22 MICROWAVESHave the shortest wavelengths and the highest frequency of the radio waves.
23 Used in microwave ovens. Waves transfer energy to the water in the food causing them to vibrate which in turn transfers energy in the form of heat to the food.
24 Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than microwaves. INFRARED RAYSInfrared= below redShorter wavelength and higher frequency than microwaves.
25 Infrared RaysYou can feel the longest ones as warmth on your skin Warm objects give off more heat energy than cool objects.
26 Heat lamps give off infrared waves. Thermogram—a picture that shows regions of different temperatures in the body. Temperatures are calculated by the amount of infrared radiation given off.Heat lamps give off infrared waves.Therefore people give off infrared rays.
27 Infrared RadiationWavelengths in between microwaves and visible light.Uses:Night vision gogglesRemote controlsHeat-seeking missilesClick the little rainbow box in the top right corner to return to the overview EM spectrum diagram
28 VISIBLE LIGHTShorter wavelength and higher frequency than infrared rays.Electromagnetic waves we can see.Longest wavelength= red lightShortest wavelength= violet (purple) light
29 When light enters a new medium it bends (refracts) When light enters a new medium it bends (refracts). Each wavelength bends a different amount allowing white light to separate into it’s various colors ROYGBIV.
30 ULTRAVIOLET RAYSShorter wavelength and higher frequency than visible lightCarry more energy than visible light
31 Used to kill bacteria. (Sterilization of equipment) Ultraviolent RaysUsed to kill bacteria. (Sterilization of equipment)
32 Too much can cause skin cancer. Use sun block to protect against (UV rays)
33 Ultraviolent RaysCauses your skin to produce vitamin D (good for teeth and bones)
34 Ultraviolent RaysMost ultraviolent waves (UV) are blocked by the earths ozone but some days more waves get through our atmosphere.Scientists developed a UV index to help people protect themselves from these harmful ultraviolet waves. This tells people how much ultraviolent rays are in our atmosphere on a particular day.
35 Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than UV-rays X- RAYSShorter wavelength and higher frequency than UV-raysCarry a great amount of energyCan penetrate most matter.
36 Bones and teeth absorb x-rays Bones and teeth absorb x-rays. (The light part of an x-ray image indicates a place where the x-ray was absorbed)
37 X- RAYS Too much exposure can cause cancer (lead vest at dentist protects organs from unnecessary exposure)
38 X- RAYS Used by engineers to check for tiny cracks in structures. The rays pass through the cracks and the cracks appear dark on film.
39 Shorter wavelength and higher frequency than X-rays GAMMA RAYSShorter wavelength and higher frequency than X-raysCarry the greatest amount of energy and penetrate the most.
40 Used in radiation treatment to kill cancer cells. Can be very harmful if not used correctly.
41 The Incredible Hulk was the victim of gamma radiation.
43 Brief SUMMARYA. All electromagnetic waves travel at the same speed. (300,000,000 meters/second) in a vacuum.B. They all have different wavelengths and different frequencies.Long wavelength-lowest frequencyShort wavelength highest frequencyThe higher the frequency the higher the energy.