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Percent Yield

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Theoretical Yield The maximum amount of product that can be produced from a given amount of reactant Theoretical yield is calculated using stoichiometry

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Actual Yield The amount of product actually produced when the chemical reaction is carried out in an experiment

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**Percent Yield A comparison of the actual and theoretical yield**

In general, the higher the yield, the better the results are from the experiment. % Yield = actual yield (experiment) theoretical yield (calculation) × 100

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**Steps Identify what is given in the problem.**

One product and one reactant (go to step 2) One product and two reactants (go to step 3) The product given is the actual yield, calculate the theoretical yield using stoichiometry and the reactant given The product given is the actual yield, calculate the limiting reactant and that becomes your theoretical yield Calculate the percent yield using the equation

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**Determine the theoretical yield of Ag2CrO4 if 0**

Determine the theoretical yield of Ag2CrO4 if g of AgNO3 is used to react with K2CrO4. Also if g of Ag2CrO4 is obtained from an experiment, calculate the percent yield. 2 AgNO3 + 1 K2CrO Ag2CrO KNO3 0.500g AgNO3 1 mol AgNO3 1 mol AgCrO g AgCrO4 g AgNO mol AgNO3 1 mol AgCrO4 % Yield = Actual g AgCrO4 Theoretical g AgCrO4 × = ×100 = 93.2% = g AgCrO4

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**CCl4 was prepared by reacting 100. 0 g of CS2 and 100. 0 g Cl2**

CCl4 was prepared by reacting g of CS2 and g Cl2. Calculate the theoretical yield and percent yield if 65.0 g of CCl4 was obtained from the reaction. 1 CS Cl CCl S2Cl2 100.0g CS mol CS2 1 mol CCl g CCl4 76.15 g CS mol CS mol CCl4 = g CCl4 100.0g Cl mol Cl2 1 mol CCl g Ccl4 70.90 g Cl mol Cl mol CCl4 = g CCl4 L.R. = theoretical % Yield = Actual g CCl4 Theoretical g CCl4 × = ×100 = 89.9%

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**1 MgBr2 + 2 AgNO3 1 Mg(NO3)2 + 2 AgBr**

Silver bromide (AgBr) was prepared by reacting g of magnesium bromide and g of silver nitrate. Calculate the theoretical and percent yield if g of silver bromide was obtained from the reaction. 1 MgBr2 + 2 AgNO Mg(NO3) AgBr 200.0g MgBr mol MgBr mol AgBr g AgBr g MgBr mol MgBr2 1 mol AgBr =408.0g AgBr = g AgBr 100.0g AgNO3 1 mol AgNO mol AgBr g AgBr g AgNO3 2 mol AgNO3 1 mol AgBr L.R. = theoretical % Yield = Actual g AgBr Theoretical g AgBr × = ×100 = 90.5%

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