Presentation on theme: "Hitler’s Lightning War Ch. 16.1"— Presentation transcript:
1 Hitler’s Lightning War Ch. 16.1 Using the sudden, mass attack called the blitzkrieg, Germany overruns much of Europe and North Africa.
2 Germany Sparks a New War in Europe Secret AgreementNonaggression pact—Germans, Soviets agree not to fight each otherAgreement includes secret deal to split PolandGermany’s Lightning AttackSeptember 1, 1939—Hitler launches invasion of PolandBritain, France declare war on Germany but Poland falls quicklyBlitzkrieg—lightning war—Germany’s new military strategyPlanes, tanks, infantry used to surprise enemy and quicklyconquerFurther GainsMay 1940—Germany conquers Netherlands, Belgium, LuxembourgSoon after, German army reaches French coastGermany Sparks a New War in Europe
3 The Fall of France Rescue at Dunkirk German forces trap British, French on coast at DunkirkBritish Navy, civilians take ships across Channel to rescue soldiersFrance FallsJune 1940—France surrenders to GermanyCharles de Gaulle, French general, organizes opposition to GermanyDe Gaulle set up a government in exile in London (Great Britain)Nazi’s set up a puppet government in France = Vichy Regime
4 The Battle of Britain Threat to Britain Winston Churchill—Becomes British prime minister, vows no surrenderGermany plans invasion of Britain; begins with air attacks in 1940British use air force, radar, code-breaking to resist GermanyBattle of Britain—Air war over Britain that lasted until May 1941Stunned by British resistance, Hitler calls off attacks
5 The Mediterranean and the Eastern Front Axis Forces Attack North AfricaMussolini & Italy at first neutralMussolini declares war on France & Britain after German victorySeptember 1940—Mussolini attacks British in North AfricaBritain Strikes BackDecember 1940—British attack and drive Italians back in No. AfricaErwin Rommel “the Desert Fox”, German general, battles British in North AfricaIn 1942, Rommel first retreats then succeeds against BritishBy 1943 (with the help of the U.S.), Rommel & Germans are defeated in North Africa
6 continued The Mediterranean and the Eastern Front Hitler Invades the Soviet UnionGermany invades an unprepared Soviet Union in June 1941Soviet troops burn land as they retreat; Germans move into RussiaGermans stopped at Leningrad, forced to undertake long siegeGermans almost capture Moscow, but forced to pull back
7 The United States Aids Its Allies American PolicyMost Americans want to avoid warRoosevelt fears that if allies fall, U.S. would have to fightHe hopes to strengthen allies so they can resist GermanyLend-Lease Act—U.S. loans weapons to countries fighting GermanyRoosevelt and Churchill meet, issue statement of principlesAtlantic Charter—supports free trade, right to form own government, etc.