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Guidelines for constructing a Compliance Program for Medicaid Managed Care Organizations and PrePaid Health Plans As provided by the Medicaid Alliance.

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Presentation on theme: "Guidelines for constructing a Compliance Program for Medicaid Managed Care Organizations and PrePaid Health Plans As provided by the Medicaid Alliance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Guidelines for constructing a Compliance Program for Medicaid Managed Care Organizations and PrePaid Health Plans As provided by the Medicaid Alliance for Program Safeguards, May 2002 Deyna Hall, Statewide Compliance Officer, MHD 2005

2 Background June 1997, The Medicaid Alliance for Program Safeguards was established with the primary goal of preventing fraud and abuse. These guidelines were created by the Alliance to be used by managed care entities which contract to do business with State Medicaid Agencies.

3 Benefits of a compliance program
Help to establish and promote awareness of applicable program regulations. Help define a standard of organizational values regarding regulatory compliance.

4 What is a Medicaid Managed Care Compliance Program?
“A set of procedures and processes instituted by a managed care entity to regulate its internal processes and train staff to conform to and abide by applicable state and federal regulations which govern the managed care entity.”

5 What is a Compliance Plan?
A written document that details the means by which an organization will conform to specific regulations to achieve and maintain compliance. The Compliance Plan: Defines standards Describes the methods for monitoring standards Identifies corrective action processes

6 Important things to remember about a Compliance Plan ~
It is the blueprint for the compliance program. It is the written document that conveys the intent of the compliance program. It describes the steps that will be taken to build the compliance program It communicates ongoing operational initiatives to prevent, detect, and correct wrongdoings It expresses the organization’s initiatives to exercise due diligence in its pursuit to prevent fraud and abuse. It may differ from organization to organization Without commitment, action, implementation and follow-up, a compliance plan is merely a collection of papers inside a binder that occupies a space on a shelf and collects dust.

7 Benefits of a Compliance Program
An effective compliance program, with buy-in from the top-down, aids in setting the tone for an organization by: Providing parameters and benchmarks Identifying vulnerabilities Demonstrating a commitment to compliance and program integrity Demonstrating that the organization is exercising due diligence in seeking to prevent and detect criminal conduct by its employees and other agents

8 The Compliance Program:
Administratively~ Communicates the organization’s commitment to compliance. Communicates specific organizational objectives to staff and supports organizational standards of integrity in reporting inappropriate conduct, fraudulent activities and abusive patterns. Establishes a consistent process for distributing and communicating new regulations, regulatory changes, and modifications within the organization. Creates accountability for receiving regulatory information, operationalizing regulatory requirements and monitoring performance against standards.

9 The Compliance Program:
Programmatically ~ Identifies specific regulatory statutes that govern the entity’s Medicaid managed care program operations. Establishes program standards in accordance with specific regulations. Establishes a consistent process for analyzing and interpreting the organizational impact of regulations.

10 The Compliance Program:
Monitoring ~ Provides a process to assess organizational performance against regulatory requirements and established internal performance standards. Provides guidance and standards for monitoring plan activities such as claims processing, customer service, and enrollment functions.

11 The Compliance Program:
Disciplinary and Corrective Actions ~ Provides a process for disciplinary actions for wrongdoing and unlawful behavior. Provides a structure for the formation and implementation of corrective measures.

12 The 7 Elements of a Compliance Program
Standards and Procedures High level oversight and delegation of authority Employee training Communication Monitoring and auditing Enforcement and disciplinary mechanisms Corrective actions and Prevention

13 Standards and Procedures
The organization must have written policies, procedures and standards of conduct that articulate the organization’s commitment to comply with all applicable Federal and State standards. Operational standards are the measurements by which the organization’s processes will be assessed for compliance. Guidance may be found in: the Organization’s RFP and Industry Standards.

14 High Level Oversight and Delegation of Authority
The MCO must designate a compliance officer and a compliance committee that are accountable to senior management. The compliance reporting structure and compliance personnel are key to the success of a compliance program. The compliance organization must be able to act independent of the operational and program areas and without the fear or threat of repercussion for citing and reporting deficiencies. It is strongly recommended that the compliance organization not report to a program or operational area, but directly to the executive board or another high ranking official without direct responsibility for operations. The organization should have criteria for selecting a compliance officer and a job description that clearly identifies the responsibilities and authority of the position. The compliance officer needs to be one of reputable character.

15 Compliance Committee Functions: Members: Prioritizing risk areas
Committing resources to remedy deficiencies Reviewing risk assessments Members: Compliance officer Budgetary official(s) Senior executive officials with authority to commit resources.

16 Employee Training The Medicaid Managed Care Organization must provide for effective training and education for the compliance officer and the organization’s employees.

17 Employee Training (continued)
The most important element in effectuating a compliance program and critical to achieving compliance! Staffing education should: Convey overall organizational standards for integrity and “doing the right thing.” Convey the organization’s commitment to compliance; Explain the purpose and importance of complying with applicable federal and state regulations;

18 Staffing Education Should… (continued)
Alleviate employee fear of certain retribution for providing information regarding organizational practices, but emphasizing compliance expectations; Include mechanism for obtaining anonymous information ; Educate employees regarding policies and procedures on wrongdoing and other acts subject to criminal scrutiny; Train staff regarding appropriate program regulations and organizational standards, provide process for staffing updates regarding new or modified regulations in a timely manner; Emphasize the importance of on-going monitoring ; Educate management regarding how to effectively formulate and implement corrective action plans.

19 Communication Effective lines of communication must be established between the compliance officer and the organization’s employees. It is recommended that a process be in place for receiving, interpreting, distributing and implementing regulatory guidance. These policies/procedures need to be a part of the compliance plan.

20 Monitoring and Auditing
The organization must have taken reasonable steps to achieve compliance with its standards by utilizing reasonably designed monitoring and auditing systems.

21 Two essential components of monitoring
Monitoring is the process of evaluating the organization’s practices against set criteria such as program regulations and internal standards. It aids in the assessment and identification of areas of risk and vulnerability. Two essential components of monitoring Internal audits Reports

22 An internal audit is essential to establishing a compliance program.
Internal Audits An internal audit is essential to establishing a compliance program. It provides a picture of the current operational status of the organization.

23 Monitoring and Auditing (continued)
Compliance audits are often designed to: Assess compliance with laws and regulations. Assess internal controls for measuring, reporting and monitoring a program. Assess program effectiveness. Identify factors inhibiting satisfactory performance. Identify program improvement initiatives. Audit results can provide a baseline to aid with setting standards and identifying vulnerabilities and risk.

24 Reports It is recommended that the compliance plan include the policies and procedures for report production and distribution. It is advised that a written report be generated within a specific timeframe after each periodic or random audit as well as any other compliance activity which reveals a significant issue of non-compliance, and distributed to specified individuals including: High ranking accountable officials Relevant function heads Compliance committee members

25 Enforcement and Disciplinary Mechanisms
Standards must be enforced through well-publicized disciplinary guidelines. Mechanisms need to be in place to: Identify, investigate and refer suspected fraud and abuse cases. Identify how assessments will be made. Associate specific punishment for specific offenses Enable staff to report suspect activities – including a hotline or anonymous comment cards.

26 Corrective Actions and Prevention
After an offense has been detected, the organization must take reasonable steps to respond appropriately to the offense and to develop corrective action initiatives relating to the MCO’s contract, including specific reporting requirements. Corrective action plans: Written planned objectives or measures to rectify a deficiency or non-compliant situation Identify the standard/regulation State the deficiency Identify the measures that will be taken to rectify the situation Identify timeframes for the remedy A individual must be designated to oversee the corrective action plan to ensure that the objectives of the corrective action plan are met, in a timely manner.

27 Remember ~ A “Commitment to Compliance” means having the commitment of the officials with the authority and power to allocate and commit resources – including staff and money - to ensure that deficiencies are cured.

28 Resource Documents: US Sentencing Guidelines
Compliance Program Guidance for Medicare+Choice Organizations Offering Coordinated Care Plans Guidelines for Addressing Fraud and Abuse in Medicaid Managed Care

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