1 HIV/AIDS By: ~Chloe Choe ~Kimberly Lopez ~Karen Matulac ~Sharmaine NunagPeriod 1Team: West Virginia
2 What Is HIV? To understand what HIV is, let’s break it down: H – Human – This particular virus can only infect human beings.I – Immunodeficiency – HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. A "deficient" immune system can't protect you.V – Virus – A virus can only reproduce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its host.So therefore HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
3 What Is AIDS? To understand what AIDS is, let’s break it down: A – Acquired – AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth.I – Immuno (Immune) – Your body's immune system includes all the organs and cells that work to fight off infection or disease.D – Deficiency – You get AIDS when your immune system is "deficient," or isn't working the way it should.S – Syndrome – A syndrome is a collection of symptoms and signs of disease. AIDS is a syndrome, rather than a single disease, because it is a complex illness with a wide range of complications and symptoms.So therefore AIDS stands for Acquired ImmunoDeficiency Syndrome.
4 What Is HIV/AIDS?As you can see from the previous slides, that HIV/AIDS are both relatable andsimilar topics.This is because they both have to do with affecting our immune systems.HIV causes AIDS. So this means HIV and AIDS are not exactly the same thing.
5 How Do You Get HIV/AIDS? HIV/AIDS can be transmitted through: Sexual ContactPregnancy, Child Birth, & Breast FeedingInjection Drug UseOccupational ExposureBlood Transfusion/Organ Transplant (RARELY)
6 Where Did HIV/Aids Come From? (History Of Disease) Scientists believe HIV came from a particular kind of chimpanzee in Western Africa. Humans probably came in contact with HIV when they hunted and ate infected animals. Recent studies indicate that HIV may have jumped from monkeys to humans as far back as the late 1800s.
7 Signs/Symptoms Of HIV/AIDS Once the immune system weakens, a person infected with HIV can develop the following symptoms:-Lack of energy-Weight loss-Frequent fevers and sweats-Persistent or frequent yeast infections-Persistent skin rashes or flaky skin-Short-term memory loss-Mouth, genital, or anal sores from herpes infections
8 Diagnosis And Prognosis Of HIV/AIDS Being diagnosed as HIV+ means that 2 HIV Tests have both come back positive for antibodies to HIVOnce you have been infected with HIV you will always carry it in your body THERE IS NO CURE FOR HIVBeing HIV+ does not mean you have AIDS.
9 How does HIV/AIDS affect the cells in your immune system? HIV is the virus responsible for AIDS.There are proteins that surround the HIV cell, this protein distinguishes a protein that is on a positive (helper) T-Cell and it attacks the T-Cell.Without T-Cells the human body does not produce antibodies. Without antibodies, simple things like a cold can cause more serious illness than what is normal.When T-Cells begin to lose the battle against the virus, that is when AIDS becomes present. It is then that HIV status changes to AIDS.
10 Prevention Of HIV/AIDS Get tested regularlyUse protection (Male latex/Female polyurethane) condomsDon’t share needlesRemain faithful to spouse or partner
11 Treatment Of HIV/AIDSBased on research, some different ways to treat HIV/AIDS are:VaccinesMicrobicidesPre-Exposure Prophylaxis(PREP)
12 Does this disease have contributions from genetic or environmental factors? Well technically, yes genetic and environmental factors both are contributors to the disease of HIV/AIDS.Genetically: Disease is being passed down by parents.Environmentally: Disease is being transmitted biologically through humans.
13 Statistics (U.S.)Gay and bisexual men of all races are the most severely affected by HIV/AIDS.About 1 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in the U.S. and 1 in 5 of them are unaware of it.
14 Global Statistics97% of those living with HIV/AIDS reside in low and middle income countries. Particularly in Sub-Sahran Africa.In asia about 4.7 million people were living with HIV/AIDS in 2008.In Latin America about 2 million people were living with HIV/AIDS in 2008In Eastern Europe & Central Asia there were 1.5 million people livinh with HIV/AIDS