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Conflicted World This term we will be looking at population change and conflict. We will be looking at how conflicts in Afghanistan, Rwanda and Iraq have.

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Presentation on theme: "Conflicted World This term we will be looking at population change and conflict. We will be looking at how conflicts in Afghanistan, Rwanda and Iraq have."— Presentation transcript:

1 Conflicted World This term we will be looking at population change and conflict. We will be looking at how conflicts in Afghanistan, Rwanda and Iraq have affected people in those countries. We will be looking at conflicts that arise when people migrate.

2 How does a country’s population change through time? To discover how the UK’s population has changed through time To understand the factors that affect birth rate Key terms: Birth rate, death rate, natural increase, population density N

3 Population Starter Questions to consider: What is birth rate? What lowers birth rate? What is death rate? What lowers death rate?

4 Birth Rate Birth rate: tells us how many babies are born every year. It is written as a fraction out of 1000. The world’s birth rate is 19/1000. Or 19 babies born per 1000 people in the world per year. This works out at 4.2 babies a second! In the past poor sanitation, health care and nutrition caused many babies to die. This led to a high birth rate around the world.

5 Birth Rate What lowers birth rate? Access to family planning and contraception Education and the gaining of skills Economic security (the average child costs £50,000 to bring up) Full time jobs and pursuit of a career

6 Death Rate Death rate: tells us how many people die every year. It is written as a fraction out of 1000. The world’s death rate is 8/1000. Or 8 deaths per 1000 people in the world per year. This works out at 1.8 deaths every second!

7 Death Rate What lowers death rate? Access to clean water Improved living conditions Agricultural production and secure food supply Access to health care and medicine

8 Natural Increase Natural change is the difference between birth and death rate. If birth rate is higher than death rate, then there will be natural increase. If death rate is higher than birth rate then there will be natural decrease.

9 Natural Increase Natural change is the difference between birth and death rate. If birth rate is higher than death rate, then there will be natural increase. If death rate is higher than birth rate then there will be natural decrease. Birth rate is the water entering the glass. Death rate is the water exiting the glass If more water enters than leaves, the glass fills up – this is natural increase!

10 Population UK Fill in your Population UK sheet as you watch the video clip!

11 Population Density UK Population density is the number of people living in a km 2. Create a choropleth map of the population density of the UK. Colour in the counties according to their population density. 1 to 5 5 to 10 10 to 15 15 to 20 20 to 25 25 to 30 30 to 40 40 + Key: Add a key like this on your map.

12 Describe the pattern Under your map, describe the pattern of the population density in the UK. Use the 4 points of the compass (north, south, east, west) to say where the highest population density is and where the lowest is. Can you name the counties that have the highest or lowest population density? Is there a general pattern?


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