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Supply Chain Management

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Presentation on theme: "Supply Chain Management"— Presentation transcript:

1 Supply Chain Management
BUSINESS PLUG-IN B8 Supply Chain Management

2 LEARNING OUTCOMES List and describe the four drivers of supply chain management Explain supply chain management strategies focused on efficiency Explain supply chain management strategies focused on effectiveness Summarize the future of supply chain management

3 INTRODUCTION Supply chain – consists of all parties involved, directly or indirectly, in the procurement of a product or raw material Supply chain management (SCM) – involves the management of information flows between and among stages in a supply chain to maximize total supply chain effectiveness and profitability

4 SUPPLY CHAIN DRIVERS The four primary drivers of supply chain management Facilities Inventory Transportation Information Organizations use these four drivers to support either a supply chain strategy focusing on efficiency or a supply chain strategy focusing on effectiveness


6 FACILITIES DRIVER Facility – processes or transforms inventory into another product, or it stores the inventory before shipping it to the next facility Three primary facilities components Location Capacity Operational design

7 FACILITIES 1: Location Location efficiency – centralize the location to gain economies of scale, which increases efficiency Location effectiveness – decentralize the locations to be closer to the customers, which increases effectiveness

8 FACILITIES 2: Capacity Capacity efficiency – minimal excess capacity with the ability to produce only what is required Capacity effectiveness – large amounts of excess capacity which can handle wide swings in demand

9 FACILITIES 3: Operational Design
Operational design efficiency – product focus design allows the facility to become highly efficient at producing one single product, increasing efficiency Operational design effectiveness – functional focus design allows the facility to perform a specific function on many different types of products, increasing effectiveness


11 INVENTORY DRIVER Inventory – offsets discrepancies between supply and demand Inventory management and control software – provides control and visibility to the status of individual items maintained in inventory Two primary inventory components Cycle inventory Safety inventory

12 INVENTORY 1: Cycle Inventory
Cycle inventory – the average amount of inventory held to satisfy customer demands between inventory deliveries Cycle inventory efficiency – holding small amounts of inventory and receiving orders weekly or even daily Cycle inventory effectiveness – holding large amounts of inventory and receiving inventory deliveries only once a month

13 INVENTORY 2: Safety Inventory
Safety inventory – extra inventory held in the event demand exceeds supply Safety inventory efficiency – holding small amounts of safety inventory Safety inventory effectiveness – holding large amounts of safety inventory


Transportation – moves inventories between the different stages in the supply chain Two primary inventory components Method of transportation Transportation route

16 TRANSPORTATION 1: Method of Transportation
Global inventory management system – provides the ability to locate, track, and predict the movement of every component or material anywhere upstream or downstream in the supply chain Method of transportation efficiency Method of transportation effectiveness

17 TRANSPORTATION 2: Transportation Route
Transportation planning software – tracks and analyzes the movement of materials and products to ensure the delivery of materials and finished goods at the right time, the right place, and the lowest cost Distribution management software – coordinates the process of transporting materials from a manufacturer to distribution centers to the final customer Transportation route efficiency Transportation route effectiveness


19 INFORMATION DRIVER Information – an organization must decide how and what information it wants to share with its supply chain partners Two primary information components Information sharing Push verses pull strategy

20 INFORMATION 1: Information Sharing
Information sharing efficiency – freely share lots of information to increase the speed and decrease the costs of supply chain processing Information sharing effectiveness – share only selected information with certain individuals, which will decrease the speed and increase the costs of supply chain processing

21 INFORMATION 2: Push vs. Pull Information Strategy
Pull information strategy (efficiency) – supply chain partners are responsible for pulling all relevant information Pull technology – pulls information Push information strategy effectiveness – organization takes on the responsibility to push information out to its supply chain partners Push technology – sends information


Wal-Mart’s supply chain management strategy emphasizes efficiency, but also maintains adequate levels of effectiveness Facilities focus – Efficiency Inventory focus – Efficiency Transportation focus – Effectiveness Information focus - Efficiency


25 Future Trends Fastest growing SCM components
Supply chain event management (SCEM) Selling chain management Collaborative engineering Collaborative demand planning

26 Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
Radio frequency identification (RFID) - use active or passive tags in the form of chips or smart labels that can store unique identifiers and relay this information to electronic readers RFID tag - contains a microchip and an antenna, and typically work by transmitting a serial number via radio waves to an electronic reader, which confirms the identity of a person or object bearing the tag

27 Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)


29 CLOSING CASE ONE Listerine’s Journey
When you use Listerine antiseptic mouthwash, you are experiencing the last step in a complex supply chain spanning several continents and requiring months of coordination by countless businesses and individuals As raw material is transformed to finished product, what will be Listerine travels around the globe and through multiple supply chains and information systems

Summarize SCM and describe Warner-Lambert’s supply chain strategy Detail Warner-Lambert’s facilities strategy Detail Warner-Lambert’s inventory strategy

Detail Warner-Lambert’s transportation strategy Detail Warner-Lambert’s information strategy What would happen to Warner-Lambert’s business if a natural disaster in Saudi Arabia depletes its natural gas resources?

32 CLOSING CASE TWO Katrina Shakes Supply Chains
How do corporations cope with the realities of risk, uncertainty, and crisis? Many businesses prepared well for Hurricane Katrina, responded quickly, and did so because Katrina was exactly the kind of event for which well-run corporations ready themselves Corporations donated more than $500 million for relief for the hurricane that hit New Orleans in 2005 and were the first to provide help to Katrina victims

How did Home Depot manage its supply chain to be one of the first stores to reopen after Katrina? How could Wal-Mart have revamped its transportation driver to handle Katrina more efficiently? Why is it critical to FedEx’s success to be able to handle all types of global disasters? Highlight FedEx’s use of the information driver

How can the government learn from big business in dealing with disasters such as Katrina? What can companies do in terms of facilities, inventory, transportation, and information to prepare themselves for disasters such as Katrina?

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