Digital Literacy Having a current knowledge and understanding of computers, mobile devices, the Internet and related technologies.
Computers An electronic device, operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory. Accepts and Processes Data Produces Information Stores Data
Types of Computers Personal Computer – Designed to be used by 1 person at a time Types of Personal Computers or PC’s include Laptops Desktops Tablets
Servers A server is a computer dedicated to providing one or more services to other computers or devices on a network A server can support from two to several thousand connected computers at the same time
Mobile and Game Devices
Mobile Devices – Small enough to hold in your hand Smartphone – An Internet capable phone that usually has a touch screen and .
Digital Cameras Digital Camera – is a device that allows you to take photos and store the images digitally. Most Smart phones now have digital cameras
Portable Media Players
Sometimes called a personal media player Is a mobile device on which you can store, organize and play or view digital media Digital media includes Music, Photos and Videos
E-Book Readers E-Book reader – Short for Electronic Book reader
Is a mobile device that is used primarily for reading e-books An E-Book is an electronic version of a printed book, readable on computers and other digital devices
Game Devices A Game Console is a mobile computing device designed for video games. They are often connected to a television and many are internet capable
Input Devices An Input Device is any Hardware component that allows you to enter data and instructions into a computer or mobile device.
Keyboards A device that contains keys you press to enter data and instructions into a computer. We use a QWERTY keyboard in this class. It is the most common type of keyboard
Pointing Devices A pointing device is an input device that allows a user to control a small symbol on a screen called a pointer A Mouse is a pointing device that fits under the palm of your hand A Touchpad is a small flat rectangular pointing device that is sensitive to pressure and motion
Voice and Video Input Some Devices enable you to speak instructions using voice input. A microphone is an input device that enables you to speak into a computer or mobile device Scanners are light sensing input devices that converts printed text and images into a form the computer can process
Output Devices An Output device is any hardware that conveys information from a computer or mobile device to one or more people Printers are output devices that produce Text and Graphics on a Physical Medium such as Paper Displays are output devices that visually conveys text, graphics and video information. Speakers allow you to hear audio (Music, Voice and other sounds)
Input and Output Devices
A computer monitor or screen can be both an input and an output device if it has touch screen capabilities.
Memory and Storage Memory consists of electronic components that store instructions, information or data temporarily. Storage by contrasts holds data, instructions and information for future use.
Storage Devices A Storage Device records(writes) and/or retrieves(reads) items to and from storage media Hard Disks – A hard disk is a storage device that contains one or more inflexible, circular platters that use magnetic particles to store data instructions and information. . The entire device is sealed in an air tight case to protect it.
Storage Devices Solid State Drives uses flash memory to store data, instructions and information. This contains no moving parts USB Flash Drives are portable memory storage devices that you plug in to a USB port. The are convenient for mobile users because they are small and portable. Memory Cards is a removable flash memory usually no bigger than 1.5 inches in height Optical Disks are storage media that consists of flat round discs made of metal. CD’s and DVD’s
Cloud Storage An Internet or Online Storage service that provides storage to computer users.
Internet The internet is the worlds largest computer network.
It is a world wide collection of computer networks that connects billions of people A network is a set of connected computers The World Wide Web is a global library of information available to anyone connected to the internet A webpage is a electronic document that can contain text, graphics, audio and video
Web Browsing A browser is software that enables users with an internet connection to access and view web pages. Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari and Google Chrome are all examples of Web Browsers
Web Searching A primary reason people use the web and it’s original use; is to search for specific information. A search engine is software that finds websites, web pages, images, video’s, news, maps and other specific information related to a topic Google, Ask.com, Bing and Yahoo search, are all examples of search engines.
Online Social Networks
Social Networks are websites that encourage its members to share their interests, ideas, stories, photos, music, and videos with other users. Examples include Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest, and Instagram.
Digital Security and Safety
Malware(short for malicious software) acts without a user’s knowledge and deliberately alters the device’s operations. Examples include Viruses, worms, Trojan horses, rootkits, spyware, adware and zombies.
Privacy Nearly every life event is stored on a computer somewhere.
Protect yourself and your loved ones by being cautious in messages and on websites Do not share personal information Common Sense is your best Defense
Software Software or Programs are a series of instructions organized in order to tell a computer what tasks to perform. Operating Systems are a set of programs that coordinate all the activities among a devices hardware. It provides a way for users to communicate with the device and other software. (Examples include Windows, Apple’s Mac OS, Google’s Android. Applications or App’s are programs designed to make users more productive.
Networks A Network is a collection of computers and devices connected together, often wirelessly. Networks allow computers to Share resources Examples include Home and Business networks
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