2 HALLOWEEN HISTORY Halloween is short for “All Hallows Eve” It is celebrated around the world on October 31st, the eve of the Western Christian Feast of “All Hallows”Many believe Halloween was influenced by Western European harvest festivals and festivals of the dead- especially. . .“Samhain,” a celtic holiday marking the end of the harvest season
3 CELTIC INFLUENCES “Samhain” means summers end It represents the end of harvest and the beginning of the “darker” half of the yearOn this day, it was believed that the dead were able to return from the “underworld”People wore costumes to scare away evil spirits and disguise themselvesThey would also go from door to door to collect food for the “Samhain feast”-an offering for the spirits and fairiesPeople would also light “turnip lanterns,” carved with faces to light their way and protect themselves from the deadDOES THIS SOUND AT ALL FAMILIAR?
4 Christian InfluencesHalloween may also be connected to the early Christian Holy Days- All Saints Day (Nov. 1) and All Souls Day (Nov. 2)These holidays were meant to honor saints and pray for those who had recently diedChildren went from door to door looking for “soul cakes” to pray for soulsPeople wore costumes as a disguise for souls seeking revengeJack o-Lanterns represented souls waiting to go to heavenDOES THIS SOUND FAMILIAR?
5 How did Halloween get to the USA? The original Puritan settlers in America were strongly opposed to the holidayHalloween became popular in immigrant communities during the 19th century, when Scottish and Irish immigrants first arrived in the USABy the start of the 20th century, Halloween was celebrated by people all over the USA
6 Halloween Symbols from Stories Some Halloween symbols come from horror literature and films, such as: Frankenstein, Dracula, and the Mummy
7 Harvest Halloween Symbols Other Halloween symbols come from the autumn harvest season, such as corn husks, scare crows and of course-pumpkins!
8 Halloween CostumesOriginally, Halloween costumes were only meant to be “supernatural” characters, such as witches, ghosts and monsters.Today, costumes include popular characters in fiction, celebrities and pretty much ANYTHING!
16 Trick or TreatingThis is the most popular tradition for children in the USA.
17 Children go from door to door collecting candy from neighbors. Trick or Treating is aHalloween tradition.Children go from door todoor collecting candyfrom neighbors.How do they do it?First, they ring the boor bell orknock. When the neighbor opensthe door, the children say:“Trick or Treat!”Then the neighbors give them candy! If they don’t they might get tricked!
18 Here is an example of a trick… …toilet paper all over the house and trees!
19 At the end of Trick or Treating, children have huge bags full of candy, sweets, and money!
20 Jack O’LanternsPeople use pumpkins to make Jack O’Lanterns
21 A Jack O’Lantern is a pumpkin with a face that someone has carved into it. A candle is put inside so that the Jack O’Lantern glows at night.It’s the most popular Halloween decoration.
22 Like costumes, Jack O’Lanterns can be scary, pretty or funny