Presentation on theme: "Nutrition Basics What are the Essential Nutrients? In What Foods Will I Find Them? What’s In A Food Label?"— Presentation transcript:
Nutrition Basics What are the Essential Nutrients? In What Foods Will I Find Them? What’s In A Food Label?
Water Protein Carbohydrates Fats Minerals Vitamins
A clear, colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid which is essential for almost every function that keeps you alive.
A nutrient that builds and repairs body cells. Some food sources include: meat, fish and dairy.
Complex: Including both starch and fiber, requires digestion before being used as an energy source by the body, and are found in plant foods, such as whole grains, pasta, potatoes, and beans Simple: can be absorbed by the body without further digestion, and are found in foods such as honey and fruit.
Fiber: Generally refers to parts of fruits, vegetables, grains, nuts and legumes that can't be digested by humans. Helps maintain digestive and heart health.
Saturated Fat: Is most often of animal origin and solid at room temperature. Excess of these fats in the diet is thought to raise the cholesterol level in the bloodstream Cholesterol: a fat like substance manufactured by the body and found in animal tissue and fat, high levels believed to lead to collection of plaque in the arteries, possibly leading to serious health risks. (LDLs)
Trans fats are edible fats that are chemically altered to remain solid at room temperature. They do not exist in nature and are also known as partially hydrogenated fats. This manufacturing process makes them more stable than natural fats, better for higher frying temperatures and longer shelf lives. They're found in many processed and commercially baked foods, such as doughnuts, cakes, crackers, cookies, and other baked goods.
Unsaturated: A fat derived from plant and some animal sources, especially fish, that is liquid at room temperature. Intake of foods containing more unsaturated fats than saturated fats may contribute to reduced blood cholesterol levels.
Some Examples: Potassium, Calcium, and Iron Potassium Rich Foods Calcium Rich Foods Iron Rich Foods
Some Examples: Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Vitamin A Foods Rich In Vitamin C
How much is too much of an essential nutrient? Too much sodium = High Blood Pressure Too much LDL Cholesterol = Clogged Arteries Too much Saturated Fat = Heart Disease Excess Calories = Obesity, which can lead to Type 2 Diabetes