2 GENERATING IDEAS TOPIC: - how to lose weight - my best friend - Slovenia as a tourist countryBrainstormingFreewritingmindmapping
3 brainstorming eat less, exercise more stop eating at McDonald’s start cyclingeat more vegetables don’t eat after 6 o’clock in theeat one apple a day eveningdrink more water (not beer/wine) chew food slowlyuse smaller plates
4 freewritingWho is my best friend? this is difficult to say maybe mateja, we go out together often, have fun, like to do same things, there are things i haven’t told her, she wouldn’t understand,i don’t know if she’s really my best friend, best frinds should tell everything to each other, should support each other, should….
5 mindmapping Farm holidays Lipica,horseriding mountains seaside skiing, cyclingmountaneeringSlovenijaa lot to offerdifferent regionsBohinj, Bledgoood food, poticagood wine
6 “CONSTRUCTION” PLAN MAIN PARTS PARAGRAPHS - INTRODUCTION SPECIAL PARAGRAPHBODY st paragraph2nd paragraph3rd paragraphCONCLUSION SPECIAL PARAGRAPH
7 INTRODUCTIONMAIN IDEA OF THE ESSAY- THESIS, e.g. There are different ways of losing weight. / Slovenia has a lot to offer to tourists as well as to locals.SHOULD ATTRACT THE READERshouldn’t be too long (2 or 3 sentences)Should contain controlling idea – how deep you’re going to go into the problem
8 BODY 1st paragraph: the Alps + possible activities 2nd paragraph: beautiful countryside + possible activities3rd paragraph: excellent food
9 CONCLUSION Repeat the main idea of the essay, but use different words. The reader should remember your point.DON’T START TALKING ABOUT SOMETHING NEW!2 or 3 sentences is enough – you can add your opinion.
10 All the paragraphs should be connected and ordered All the paragraphs should be connected and ordered. It helps the reader to understand and remember what you want to say.(use linking devices between them,eg. on one hand/ on the other hand; on the plus side/ on the minus side; the advantages are/ the disadvantages are...)Such organisation is COHERENT, has a clear message and makes a point.
11 Building a paragraph1st sentence = topic sentence (main idea of a paragraph)Other sentences support the main ideaIdeas should be ordered logically. You can e.g. give examples that support the main idea; compare two things (describe the first, then the second); explain sth by describing the cause and then the effect.
12 examplesLife expectancy depends also on what we do for a living. Sitting in an office all day long means that we do not do much to keep fit, but at least we are not exposed to any danger that could shorten our lives. On the other hand, people whose jobs are dangerous, such as firemen, take risks every time they go in action. They can get hurt or even killed at work, which is very unlikely if you work in an office.2 EXAMPLES: OFFICE : ACTION
13 examples - comparisonHow long we live depends also on the kind of job we have. Generally, people with stress-free jobs live longer than those who take their problems home instead of leaving them behind at their working place. Journalists, for example, are said to die relatively young because they work under constant pressure caused by deadlines, irregular and long working hours and possible attacks by those they report on – many have to appear in court regularly.COMPARISON. STRESS-FREE vs STRESSFUL, FOR EXAMPLE: journalists
14 cause - effectWars can never bring peace to Earth, because violence just leads to more violence. One war is followed by another, each leader trying to impose his belief on others. What is more, also ordinary, otherwise calm and even gentle people usually become aggressive through terrible wartime experience and suffering.
15 EXERCISERead the following paragraph from an essay entitled: The car is the curse of modern society.Find the topic sentence and make a list of all the arguments the writer uses.
16 Cars have definitely made our lives easier Cars have definitely made our lives easier. Firstly, owning a car means independence and freedom. You can get into your car whenever you want without having to queue for public transport tickets or having to share a train compartment with complete strangers. In addition, cars make it possible for us to reach a wanted destination quickly and comfortably. This is very important, not only in case of emergency, but on daily basis since time is money in the modern world we live in. Finally, cars are used not only for transporting people but also for transporting things. Shopping, for example, is much easier to bring home if you have a car, and when you go on holiday, you can take with you a lot of luggage, skiing equipment and even your pet.
17 Suggested answer TOPIC: Cars have definitely made our lives easier. ARGUMENTS:Independence and freedom: whenever you wantno queuing, privacy2. Quick and comfortable:emergencies, time is money3. Can be used to transport things:shopping,luggage