2 Learning ObjectivesLO 1 Define the characteristics of organization structure: organic or mechanistic, differentiation, and integration. LO 2 Summarize how authority operates and who generally holds top authority in a company. LO 3 Discuss how span of control affects structure and managerial effectiveness. LO 4 Explain how to delegate effectively.6-2
3 Learning Objectives (cont.) LO5 Distinguish between centralized and decentralized organizations. LO6 Define basic types of organization structures, and summarize their strengths. LO7 Describe important mechanisms used to coordinate work. LO8 Discuss how organizations can improve their agility through their strategy, commitment to customers, and use of technology.
4 Organizing Definition DefinitionThe deployment of organizational resources to achieve strategic goalsThe process by which managers establish the structure of working relationships among employees to achieve goals
5 Organization Structure The set of formal tasks assigned to individuals and departmentsFormal reporting relationshipsMechanistic (Bureaucratic/Hierarchical) to Organic (Learning/Flat/Horizontal)
14 Decentralization Centralized organization Decentralized organization An organization in which high-level executives make most decisions and pass them down to lower levels for implementationDecentralized organizationAn organization in which lower-level managers make important decisionsRelationship with delegation????