Presentation on theme: "Judeo-Christian Tradition"— Presentation transcript:
1 Judeo-Christian Tradition Prologue Section 2Essential Question: How did Judaism and Christianity influence western political thought?
2 Judaism and Christianity (Western World’s two first monotheistic religions) 1) Define Monotheism and explain 2 ways Judaism was different from previous religions of the time.2) Explain 2 reasons why people were attracted to Christianity.3) Explain why Rome feared Christianity and later helped Christianity.4) Explain how the ideas of Christianity and Judaism are reflected in American society and politics today.
3 Judaism – The Jewish Religion Torah- Jewish bible (Old Testament- story in the bible before the birth of Jesus is based on Torah)Abraham- founder of Jews (2000BC), moved followers to Canaan (Israel)Both Christian and Islamic ideas and beliefs began with Judaism
4 Beliefs of Judaism Monotheism - belief in one god Morality - based on living a good life (not sacrifice and rituals to honor a god)Old Testament - People are created in god’s image, each person has a divine spark and is therefore special
5 Jewish Laws Teach Morality Jewish law teaches moralityTen Commandments- based on morality, even leaders had to follow the commandmentsLaw is the same for everyoneProphets (700 BC) messengers from god, said life on earth could be improved*Similar to American dream**Jewish laws are the basis of Christianity
6 Jewish Laws Teach Morality Explain how 1 Commandment is still evident in our society today and explain why?Explain why one commandment is no longer valid and explain why?
7 ChristianityChristianity- Rome ruled the holy land when Jesus was bornJesus- “born 6-4 BC, he was a Roman subject and a Jew, began preaching at 30 years old”Jewish ideas (preached by Jesus) monotheism and Ten CommandmentsChristianity emphasized God’s personal relationship with each human being
8 Jesus – “King of the Jews” Rome feared Jesus could be a political threatJesus said people should not follow Rome’s laws and religion based on Greek God’s, but God’s lawsRome had Jesus killed by Crucifixion at 33 years oldChristos- Greek word for “Messiah” or savior*Christos = ChristianityAnalyze why Rome found Jesus to be a threat by preaching each person had a special relationship with God and that each person was important before God?
9 Teachings of JesusTeachings of Jesus- Spread slowly across EuropePaul- spread Christianity by saying it is a universal religion for all peopleStressed equality of all human beings and idea all people can be savedEquality the basis of democracy and the US
10 Christianity Spreads in Rome Rome was against Christianity at firstFed Christians to lions at Gladiator events for entertainmentChristianity became the state religion of the Roman Empire in 380 ADHelped spread Christianity around EuropeChristianity now the main religion of Europe until the present
11 Islam Monotheistic Taught equality of all persons Based on the teachings of Muhammad (prophet)Believed in charity, community and unityAllahQuran / Koran