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UNIT 12 SOCIETY

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List factors that cause the population of a certain location to change.

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Birth rate death rate emigration i mm igration.

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What is birth rate ?

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The birth rate is the number of people born in a place every year.

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What is death rate ?

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The death rate is the number of people who die in a place every year.

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What is natural growth rate ?

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The natural growth rate is the difference between the birth and death rate. It can be positive or negative.

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Define: Emigrants

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People who leave a place to live somewhere else. People who leave a country to live in another country.

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Define: Immigrants

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People who come to a country to live from another country.

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How do you calculate Real growth rate?

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REAL GROWTH RATE Natural growth rate + immigration -emigration

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How many inhabitants must have a place in order to be a rural place?

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A place is considered a rural place when it has less than 10.000 inhabitants.

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Define: Rural population: Urban population:

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What is population density ?

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Population density shows us, by comparison, if a territory is highly populated or sparsely (escasamente) populated. The population density tells us if a terrytory has a lot of inhabitants or a few.

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How do we calculate it?

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By dividing the number of inhabitants of the territory by the surface area of the territory.

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How is the spanish population distributed?

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The spanish population is very unequally distributed. The distribution of Spanish population is irregular. The coasts are more highly populated than the interior except for Madrid.

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What is the average population density of Spain?

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The population density of Spain is 90 inhabitants per square Kilometre.

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Why has the population of Spain increased a lot over the last 100 years?

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The death has fallen a lot, and, in recent years, many immigrants have arrived. or The population of Spain has increased a lot because of a decrease in the death rate and an increase in the rate of immigration.

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exercise In 2014, in one place with 80 inhabitants, 9 babies were born, 7 people died, 15 immigrants arrived, and 6 emigrants left. What was the NATURAL GROWTH RATE? What was the REAL GROWTH RATE? What was the FINAL POPULATION?

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Initial population 80 inhabitants Birth rate 9 Death rate 7 NATURAL GROWTH RATE 9-7=2 2 Immigrants 15 Emigrants 6 REAL GROWTH RATE 2+15=17-6=11 11 FINAL POPULATION 80+11= 91 91 inhabitants

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