Presentation on theme: "Population Pyramids Objective: Interpret population pyramids to determine population patterns and specific challenges that country may face."— Presentation transcript:
Population Pyramids Objective: Interpret population pyramids to determine population patterns and specific challenges that country may face
Population Pyramids A population pyramid, also known as an age-sex pyramid, is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which normally forms the shape of a pyramid.
Population Structures by Age and Sex, 2005 Millions MaleFemaleMaleFemale Less Developed Regions More Developed Regions 80+ 75-79 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4 Age Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, 2005. Age Distribution of the World’s Population
Notes on Age Distribution of the World’s Population Sex and age distributions show that less developed countries have significantly younger populations than more developed countries. Almost one-third of the population in less developed countries is under age 15. In contrast, less than one-fifth of the population in more developed countries is under 15. Today there are more than 2 billion young people below age 20 in less developed regions—the age cohort that will soon become the world’s newest group of parents. Young age structures in the less developed countries are due mainly to higher levels of childbearing in recent decades.
Trends in Aging, by World Region Population Ages 65 and Older Percent Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (medium scenario), 2005.
Notes on Trends in Aging, by World Region By 2025, over 20 percent of the population in more developed regions will be ages 65 and older. By 2025, one-tenth of the world’s population will be over age 65. Asia will see the proportion of its elderly population almost double, from about 6 percent in 2000 to 10 percent in 2025. In absolute terms, this represents a stark increase in just 25 years: from about 216 million to about 480 million older people.
Dependency Ratio Dependency Ratios for Selected Countries United States.52 China.49 France.52 Indonesia.63 Vietnam.75 Bangladesh.72 Nepal.81 Nigeria.88 # of people who are too young or too old to work, compared to the number of people in their productive years Larger percentages of dependents = greater financial burden for the working population
THE END…. information source: International Data Base, U.S. Census Bureau; applied pyramids were modified using Canvas, GraphicConverter and GIFBuilder. See other countries ageInternational Data Baseother countries