Presentation on theme: "Jose L. Barba. Memory is the brains filing system which contains everything that we have learned, seen, and experienced. The brain labels it in different."— Presentation transcript:
Encoding memory is the process of transforming info. So that the nervous system can process it. It is important because encoding is where it all begins. Encoding is the first step to memory.
Storage is the memory process by which info. Is maintained over a period of time. After encoding you store what you absorbed from your nervous system depending if it was important to you or not.
Retrieval is the memory process that involves obtaining info. That has been previously stored. After you have already made an exp. or something into a memory it goes to your storage and stays there until you retrieve it. Actually retrieving this information is remembering.
Sensory memory is the briefest of memories that occurs immediately following the reception of a stimulus. Sensory information is being taken in by sensory receptors and processed by the nervous system. Sensory memory is info. that is stored just long enough to be transferred to short-term memory.
Iconic memory-brief sensory memory from visuals or pictures. Stays shorter than echoic memory. Echoic or auditory memory-very brief sensory memory of some auditory stimuli. Stays slightly longer than iconic memory.
Short term memory is the type of memory that is limited usually to about seven items. Short term memory only gives you a very short time to keep something in mind before either dismissing it or transferring it to long- term memory.
Maintenance rehearsal-Repeatedly verbalizing and thinking of a piece of information. Chunking-Grouping items together to help you remember more clearly. Very helpful with remembering phone numbers.
Long term memory is when you hold a memory in your storage that you can obtain when needed. Long term memory can be triggered through smells, emotions, hearing, tastes, and touches. Usually people will often remember episodic memories from their long term memories.
Semantic memory-Knowledge of language in grammar. Being able to read and not forget it. Declarative memory-The conscious recall of information when you need to use it. If somebody asked you what you did for all your previous birth days declarative memory takes place to remember it.
Long term memory is very important because without long term memory we would not be able to gain knowledge. Short term memory can only hold so much and gets rid of unimportant info. and the important info. becomes long term memories.
Procedural memory-Learned skills that you do not have to consciously recall in order to use it. Repressed Memories-When something really bad and emotional happened, and the mind pushes it into some inaccessible corner of the unconscious. The repressed memory can then be remembered within a long period of time and emerges into consciousness.
Forgetting a memory is a failure of memory that may be caused by decay meaning that if a long term memory is not revisited for too long it can decay and be more difficult to remember with time. Amnesia would also interfere with remembering because it’s a partial or total loss of memory usually due to a head injury.
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