Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.


Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "THE EUROPEAN UNION Lesson 5"— Presentation transcript:

How does the structure of government within the EU compare with the structure of government in the United States?

2 Promoting the common interest
Three key players The European Commission Promoting the common interest

3 The EU Institutions European Council (Summit) European Parliament
Council of the EU European Commission Court of Justice Court of Auditors Committee of the Regions Economic and Social Committee European Investment Bank European Central Bank Agencies

4 European Commission President José Manuel Barroso
27 Commissioners, each responsible for specific policy areas, representing the common European perspective. Proposes legislation and enforces laws. Negotiates trade agreements. Manages Europe’s multilateral development cooperation. European Commission President José Manuel Barroso

5 Council of the European Union
EU’s main decision-making body, comprised of ministers of 27 Member States, representing each Member State’s point of view. Decides on foreign policy issues. Council presidency rotates among Member States every six months.

6 European Parliament Voice of European citizens.
Members elected for five-year terms. With the Council, passes EU laws and adopts EU budgets. Approves EU Commissioners.

7 European Court of Justice
Highest EU judicial authority. Ensures all EU laws are interpreted and applied correctly and uniformly. Can act as an independent policy maker but unlike the U.S. Supreme Court, the ECJ can only deal with matters covered by the Treaties.

8 How EU laws are made Citizens, interest groups, experts: discuss, consult Commission: makes formal proposal Parliament and Council of Ministers: decide jointly National or local authorities: implement Commission and Court of Justice: monitor implementation

9 The European Parliament
Decides EU laws and budget together with Council of the European Union Provides democratic supervision of all the EU’s work Number of members elected in each country (January 2010) 17 Austria Finland 13 Latvia 8 Romania 33 Belgium 22 France 72 Lithuania 12 Slovakia 13 Bulgaria 17 Germany 99 Luxembourg 6 Slovenia 7 Cyprus 6 Greece 22 Malta 5 50 Spain 22 Czech Republic Hungary 22 Netherlands 25 Sweden 18 Denmark 13 Ireland 12 Poland 50 United Kingdom 72 6 Estonia Italy 72 Portugal 22 Total 736

10 The European Political Parties
Number of seats in the European Parliament per political group (January 2010) Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe 84 European People’s Party (Christian Democrats) 265 Greens/European Free Alliance 55 Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Socialists and Democrats Democrats 184 European Conservatives and Reformists 54 Europe of Freedom and Democracy 32 European United Left - Nordic Green Left 35 Total : 736 Non-attached members 27

11 Council of the European Union voice of the member states
One minister from each EU country Presidency: rotates every six months Decides EU laws and budget together with Parliament Manages the common foreign and security policy

12 Council of the European Union number of votes per country
Germany, France, Italy and the United Kingdom 29 Spain and Poland 27 Romania 14 Netherlands 13 Belgium, Czech Republic, Greece, Hungary and Portugal 12 Austria, Bulgaria and Sweden 10 Denmark, Ireland, Lithuania, Slovakia and Finland 7 Estonia, Cyprus, Latvia, Luxembourg and Slovenia 4 Malta 3 Total: 345 “Qualified majority” needed for many decisions: 255 votes and a majority of member states From 2014: 55% of the Member States with 65% of the population

13 Summit of the European Council
Summit of heads of state and government of all EU countries Held at least 4 times a year Sets the overall guidelines for EU policies President: Herman Van Rompuy

14 The European Commission
promoting the common interest Proposes new legislation Manages and implements EU policies and budget Guardian of the treaties Represents the EU on the international stage 27 independent members, one from each EU country

15 The European Court of Justice
upholding the law Rules on how to interpret EU law Ensures EU countries apply EU laws in the same way 27 independent judges, one from each EU country

16 The European Court of Auditors getting value for your money
Checks that EU funds are used properly Can audit any person or organization dealing with EU funds 27 Independent members

17 The European Central Bank
managing the euro Ensures price stability Controls money supply and decides interest rates Works independently from governments

18 Civil servants working for the EU
Commission employs about 23,000 permanent civil servants and 11,000 temporary or contract workers

19 Other EU institutions about 10,000 employed
Permanent civil servants Selected by open competitions Come from all EU countries Salaries decided by law EU administration costs €15 per EU citizen per year

Download ppt "THE EUROPEAN UNION Lesson 5"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google