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Know Your Knives.

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Presentation on theme: "Know Your Knives."— Presentation transcript:

1 Know Your Knives

2 Types of Knives 3 types of blades Straight edge Serrated edge
Hollow edge Serrated Knife. A serrated bread knife cuts soft, fresh loaves without squashing or tearing. It's also great for cutting tomatoes and citrus.

3 Parts of a Knife

4 Chef knife or French knife
Types of knives… Chef knife or French knife Most often used knife Most versatile knife Can be used for chopping, slicing, mincing, & dicing. Blades range in sizes from 8-12“

5 Utility Knife Your medium-sized knife Can be serrated or non-serrated

6 Types of Knives Paring Knife Second most-often used
Used for peeling and garnishing Blades are 2-4” long Some blades taper to a point others have a curve at the top

7 Types of Knives… Boning knife
Used to separate raw meat from the bone, trim fat and sinews About 6” long Tapered point is necessary for working closely around joints

8 Bread Knife

9 Santoku Knife

10 Describe the following cut:
Batonnet: 2 x 1/4 x 1/4

11 Describe the following cut:
Brunoise: 1/8 x 1/8 x 1/8

12 Describe the following cut:
Dice: ¼ x ¼ x ¼ or ½ x ½ x ½

13 Describe the following cut:
Julienne: 2 x 1/8 x 1/8

14 Describe the following cut:
Mince: Very small pieces – rocking motion

15 Describe the following cut:
Diagonal: Cut on a 45 degree angle, ¼” thick

16 Describe the following cut:
Chiffonade: Roll leaf such as basil or spinach and thinly cut into strips. Different than shredding…more uniform

17 Mise en place Literal translation is "set in place"
All ingredients are measured, chopped, and otherwise prepared before you begin cooking Try to gather up any other equipment too

18 Guidelines for knives:
Keep knives sharpened – cuts more evenly with less force, it’s safer Use a knife only for it’s intended purpose Keep the handle clean and dry Never leave knives soaking under water Never talk or point with a knife Never distract others who are using knives If a knife is dropped, jump back and let it fall Always use a cutting board, stabilize with a damp towel Never hand someone a knife, put it on the counter and let them pick it up

19 How to care for knives… Cleaning & Sanitizing
Do not clean knives in a dishwasher Wash in hot soapy water and dry thoroughly between cutting task, after use, and before storage Keeping knives clean extends their life Storing Knife kit or case Custom-built drawers Wall or tabletop-mounted racks Prevents damage to the blade

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