Presentation on theme: "The Corrupt Bargain to the Man of the People Jackson Loses, Jackson Plots, Jackson has his REVENGE!"— Presentation transcript:
The Corrupt Bargain to the Man of the People Jackson Loses, Jackson Plots, Jackson has his REVENGE!
After the War Tecumseh – Prophetstown – Battle of Tippecanoe – Gov. Harrison (future President) – Battle of Thames Jackson – Battle of New Orleans Francis Scott Key – Star Spangled Banner
Era of Good Feelings (1815-1825) Led to: – Hartford Convention – Monroe’s Election – War of 1812 During: – Election of 1820 – Avoided partisanship – Monroe Doctrine End of Good Feelings: – Panic of 1819 (we will see more) – Missouri Compromise – Election of 1824
The American System Henry Clay Continued from Jefferson Sectional jealousy kept this from occurring Supported by North and East South never really on board b/c of other available markets Re-chartered Second Bank of the US for 20 years until 1836.
Land Act of 1820 Smaller plots of land Lower price for land Response to Panic of 1819 Good for who? Wildcat banks – State banks that issued currency and loans for speculators. – Not regulated by Fed. Gov’t
Missouri Compromise (1820) Slavery Issue is ignited North/South Split Temporary compromise Missouri slave/Maine non-slave 36°30’ line
Monroe Doctrine (1823) Limit European expansion into the Americas Allow for Latin Am. countries to gain independence w/out influence from Europe US gains influence and safety
The “Corrupt Bargain” Clay, Crawford, Quincy Adams, Jackson No candidate won majority of Electoral votes Clay dropped out Crawford had stroke Quincy Adams vs. Jackson Clay (Speaker of the House) used power to pull for Quincy Adams Quincy Adams becomes Pres. Clay becomes Sec. of State
John Quincy Adams (president) Tariff of Abominations (1828) – Protective tariffs for Northern industry – South was mad – Hurt Southern economy Nullification Crisis – See Jackson Native Policies – Did not support expansion into West – Protected Cherokee rights in GA./armed conflict
Election of 1828 Second Party System – Sectional divisions in Republican Party in Election of 1824 – Two parties form Democratic Party National Republicans First Modern Campaign – Negative Campaign tactics – Literature – Buttons – Paraphernalia
Election of 1828 (Emergence of Democratic Party)
Changes in Voting Population Analyzing Changes in Voter Participation, part 1 http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/default/files/wo rksheets/AnalyzeChanges.pdf http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/default/files/wo rksheets/AnalyzeChanges.pdf State Constitution changes http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/default/files/wo rksheets/ChangeFranchise.pdf http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/default/files/wo rksheets/ChangeFranchise.pdf VOTER PARTICIPATION IN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS BY STATE: 1824-1836 http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_classro om/classroom_documents-1828_k.html http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_classro om/classroom_documents-1828_k.html
Changes in Voting Population Analyzing Changes in Voter Participation, part 2 http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/default/files/works heets/AnalyzeChanges02.pdf http://edsitement.neh.gov/sites/default/files/works heets/AnalyzeChanges02.pdf Interactive Election Results for 1824 Interactive Election Results for 1828 Interactive Election Results for 1832 Interactive Election Results for 1836
Jackson as President Inauguration – March 4, 1829 – First public inauguration – 21,000 attended – Post inauguration ceremony held at White House-open to public – "The reign of King Mob seemed triumphant.“ Joseph Story, Supreme Court Justice
Jackson as President Spoils System – rotation in office prevents corrupt bureaucracy – System of patronage – replaced federal employees with friends or party loyalists – appointment of officials with no experience related to their responsibilities Tariff of Abomination Jackson’s plan North vs. South (Webster vs. Calhoun) “Nullies”/Nullification Crisis – Calhoun Resigned as VP – The South Carolina Exposition and Protest Henry Clay=Compromise – Force Bill – Compromise Tariff