Presentation on theme: "Client/Server Computing. Information processing is distributed among several workstations and servers on a network, with each function being assigned."— Presentation transcript:
Information processing is distributed among several workstations and servers on a network, with each function being assigned to the environment that is best suited to perform it. The client initiates the requests and the server responds. Consolidate the virtues of traditional time- shared mainframe and mini-computer paradigms with the advantages of personal computers, workstations, and local area networks
Components of Client/Server Computing Three interrelated components Client - the front-end Server - the back-end Network - the middle ware M:N relation between clients and servers.
Client/Server Architecture The client is any computer process that requests services from the server. It is also known as the front-end application. The server is any computer process providing services to the clients. The server is also known as the back-end application. The communication middleware is any computer process(es) through which clients and servers communicate. It is also known as middleware or communications layer.
Two levels of communications middleware The physical level deals with the communications between client and server computers (computer to computer). The logical level deals with the communications between client and server processes (process to process).
Interaction Between Client/Server Middleware Components
Database Middleware Components Application programming interface (API) interfaces with the client application. The database translator translates the SQL requests into the specific database server syntax. The network translator manages the network communications protocols.
Typical Logic Component Placement The presentation logic is always placed on the client side. The I/O processing logic may be placed on the client side or on the server side, but more commonly on the client side. The business logic can also go either to the client or the server, but usually on the client side. The data management logic can also be placed on either the client or the server side, but normally on the server side as part of the application code. The data manipulation logic is most commonly located on the server side.
Functional Logic Splitting In Four Client/Server Architectural Styles
Microsoft SQL Client/Server Connection Microsoft SQL (server version) Microsoft SQL (workstation version) LAN Client PCServer Computer
Microsoft SQL Client/Server Connection At the server site, DBA creates a SQL database for the user At the client site, the user can make remote registration and logon to access SQL database stored on the server
MicroSoft SQL Server SQL Server registration local and remote servers SQL Server security control Windows NT authentication SQL user authentication User access privilege specification
SQL Client/Server Connection Buscom SQL server Local SQL server MGD B106 Computer or your own PC Remote SQL server registration User authentication using your user name and password Local SQL server registration Import/export Backup disk Backup / restore Your database created by DBA You create your own database
Linking to SQL Server from Access Microsoft SQL Microsoft Access Internet ODBC Client 1 DB Server Microsoft Access ODBC Client 2 LAN ODBC Web Server ASP
ODBC Open Database Connectivity DBMS-independent means for processing relational database data ORACLE SYBASE INFORMIX Page 342
ODBC Terminology Data source: the database, its associated DBMS, operating system, and network platform Driver manager: intermediary between the application and DBMS drivers Driver: processes ODBC requests and submits SQL statements to a data source Page 343